Ilẹ̀ọbalúayé Rómù

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Name:
Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR)
("The Senate and People of Rome")
[nb 1]
Ilẹ̀ Ọbalúayé Rómù
Roman Empire

27 BC–AD 476/1453
 

Vexillum with aquila and Roman state acronym

The maximum extent of Roman Empire under Trajan in AD 117
Capital Rome was the sole political capital until AD 286
There were several political centres during the Tetrarchy while Rome continued to be the nominal, cultural, and ideological capital.
Constantine re-founded and established the city of Constantinople as the new capital of the empire in 330[1].
Mediolanum (Milan) was its western counterpart during the increasingly frequent East/West divisions. The western imperial court was later relocated to Ravenna.
Language(s) Latin, Greek
Religion Polytheism and Roman imperial cult
(to 380)

Christianity
(from 380)
Government Autocracy
Emperor
 - 27 BC–AD 14 Augustus
 - 378–395 Theodosius I
 - 475–476 / 1449–1453 Romulus Augustus / Constantine XI
Legislature Roman Senate
Historical era Classical antiquity
 - Battle of Actium 2 September 31 BC
 - Octavian proclaimed Augustus 27 BC
 - Diocletian splits imperial administration between East and West 285
 - Constantine the Great establishes Constantinople as a new imperial capital 330
 - Death of Theodosius the Great, followed by permanent division of the Empire into eastern and western halves 395
 - Deposition of western emperor Romulus Augustus/Fall of Constantinople * AD 476/1453
Area
 - 25 BC[2][3] 2,750,000 km2 (1,061,781 sq mi)
 - 50[2] 4,200,000 km2 (1,621,629 sq mi)
 - 117[2] 5,000,000 km2 (1,930,511 sq mi)
 - 390 [2] 4,400,000 km2 (1,698,849 sq mi)
Population
 - 25 BC[2][3] est. 56,800,000 
     Density 20.7 /km2  (53.5 /sq mi)
 - 117[2] est. 88,000,000 
     Density 17.6 /km2  (45.6 /sq mi)
Currency (a) 27 BC - AD 212: 1 gold aureus (1/40 lb. of gold, devalued to 1/50 lb. by 212) = 25 silver denarii = 100 bronze sesterces = 400 copper asses.
(b) 294 - 312: 1 gold aureus solidus (1/60 lb. of gold) = 10 silver argentei = 40 bronze folles = 1,000 debased metal denarii
(c) 312 onwards: 1 gold solidus (1/72 lb.) = 24 silver siliquae = 180 bronze folles
* These events marked the end of the Western Roman Empire (286–476)[4] and of the Eastern Roman Empire (330–1453), respectively.
Warning: Value specified for "continent" does not comply

Ilẹ̀ Ọbalúayé Rómù (Roman Empire) tabi Ile Romu ni igba eyin toloselu to sele ni Romu Atijo, to je ti ijoba oseluenikan to ni agbegbe kakiri Europe ati yipo agbegbe Mediterranean.[5] Oro yi bere si je lilo lati juwe ile ijoba Romu nigba ati leyin obaluaye ibe akoko Augustus.




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footnotes
  1. Since classical and modern concepts of state do not coincide, other possibilities include Res publica Romana, Imperium Romanum or Romanorum (also in Greek: Βασιλείᾱ τῶν Ῥωμαίων - Basileíā tôn Rhōmaíōn - ["Dominion (Literally 'kingdom') of the Romans"]) and Romania. Res publica, as a term denoting the Roman "commonwealth" in general, can refer to both the Republican and the Imperial era, while Imperium Romanum (or, sometimes, Romanorum) is used to refer to the territorial extent of Roman authority. Populus Romanus, "the Roman people", is often used for the Roman state dealing with other nations. The term Romania, initially a colloquial term for the empire's territory as well as the collectivity of its inhabitants, appears in Greek and Latin sources from the fourth century onward and was eventually carried over to the Byzantine Empire. (See Wolff, R.L. "Romania: The Latin Empire of Constantinople". In: Speculum, 23 (1948), pp. 1–34 (pp. 2–3).)
citations
  1. Constantine I (306 - 337 AD) by Hans A. Pohlsander. De Imperatoribus Romanis. Written 2004-1-8. Retrieved 2007-3-20.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Taagepera, Rein (1979). "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth-Decline Curves, 600 B.C. to 600 A.D.". Social Science History 3 (3/4): 125. doi:10.2307/1170959. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0145-5532%281979%293%3A3%2F4%3C115%3ASADOEG%3E2.0.CO%3B2-H. 
  3. John D. Durand, Historical Estimates of World Population: An Evaluation, 1977, pp. 253–296.
  4. "Roman Empire -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia". www.britannica.com. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/507739/Roman-Empire. Retrieved 2008-07-09. 
  5. "Roman Empire", Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2008

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