Ilẹ̀-Ọba Òttómánì

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Devlet-i Âliye-yi Osmâniyye
Ilẹ̀-Ọba Òttómánì
Sublime Ottoman State

Ottoman Empire

Ilẹ̀-Ọba

 

 

1299–1923
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
دولت ابد مدت
Devlet-i Ebed-müddet
(The Eternal State)
Anthem
Ottoman imperial anthem
Ottoman territories acquired between 1300 and 1683 (See: list of territories)
Capital Söğüt (1302–1326)
Bursa (1326–1365)
Edirne (1365–1453)
Constantinople (1453–1922)[1]
Religion Sunni Islam
Government Monarchy
Sultans
 - 1281–1326 (first) Osman I
 - 1918–22 (last) Mehmed VI
Grand Viziers
 - 1320–31 (first) Alaeddin Pasha
 - 1920–22 (last) Ahmed Tevfik Pasha
History
 - Founded 1299
 - Interregnum 1402–1413
 - 1. Constitutional 1876–1878
 - 2. Constitutional 1908–1918
 - Abolition of the Sultanate (November 1, 1922) and departure of Mehmed VI, the last Sultan (November 17, 1922) November 1, 1922
 - Treaty of Lausanne[2] July 24, 1923
Area
 - 1689 24 500 000 km2 (Àsìṣe ìgbékalẹ̀ọ̀rọ̀: Nọ́mbà àìretí sq mi)
Population
 - 1856 est. 35,350,000 
 - 1906 est. 20,884,000 
 - 1914 est. 18,520,000 
 - 1919 est. 14,629,000 
Currency Akche, Kurush, Lira, Sultani
Timeline of the Ottoman Empire

Ilẹ̀-Ọba Ottomani tabi Ilẹ̀jọba Ottomani



Itokasi[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

  1. Finkel, Caroline, Osman's Dream, (Basic Books, 2005), 57; "Istanbul was only adopted as the city's official name in 1930..".
  2. The Treaty of Sèvres (August 10, 1920) afforded a small existence to the Ottoman Empire. The abolishment of the Ottoman Sultanate on November 1, 1922 did not end the Ottoman State, but only the Ottoman dynasty. The official end of the Ottoman State was declared through the Treaty of Lausanne (July 24, 1923). It recognized the new "Ankara government", and not the old Constantinople-based Ottoman government, as representing the rightful owner and successor state. The Constantinople-based government was practically headless after the sultan left the capital. The TBMM declared the successor state to be the "Republic of Turkey" (October 29, 1923).