Iron

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Iron, 26Fe
Pure iron chips with a high purity iron cube
Iron
Ìhànsójúlustrous metallic with a grayish tinge
Ìwúwo átọ̀mù Ar, std(Fe)55.845(2)[1]
Iron ní orí tábìlì àyè
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
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Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson
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Fe

Ru
manganeseironcobalt
Nọ́mbà átọ̀mù (Z)26
Ẹgbẹ́group 8
Àyèàyè 4
Àdìpọ̀Àdìpọ̀-d
Ẹ̀ka ẹ́límẹ́ntì  Transition metal
Ìtò ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nù[Ar] 3d6 4s2
Iye ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nù lórí ìpele kọ̀ọ̀kan2, 8, 14, 2
Àwọn ohun ìní ara
Ìfarahàn at STPsolid
Ìgbà ìyọ́1811 K ​(1538 °C, ​2800 °F)
Ígbà ìhó3134 K ​(2862 °C, ​5182 °F)
Kíki (near r.t.)7.874 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p.)6.98 g/cm3
Heat of fusion13.81 kJ/mol
Heat of 340 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity25.10 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1728 1890 2091 2346 2679 3132
Atomic properties
Oxidation states−4, −2, −1, 0, +1,[2] +2, +3, +4, +5,[3] +6, +7[4] Àdàkọ:Infobox element/symbol-to-oxidation-state/comment
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 1.83
energies
Atomic radiusempirical: 126 pm
Covalent radius132±3 (low spin), 152±6 (high spin) pm
Color lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines of iron
Other properties
Natural occurrenceprimordial
Crystal structure ​(bcc)
Body-centered cubic crystal structure for iron
Speed of sound thin rod(electrolytic)
5120 m/s (at r.t.)
Thermal expansion11.8 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity80.4 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity96.1 n Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderingferromagnetic
Young's modulus211 GPa
Shear modulus82 GPa
Bulk modulus170 GPa
Poisson ratio0.29
Mohs hardness4
Vickers hardness608 MPa
Brinell hardness490 MPa
CAS Number7439-89-6
Main isotopes of iron
Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
54Fe 5.8% >3.1×1022y 2ε capture ? 54Cr
55Fe syn 2.73 y ε capture 0.231 55Mn
56Fe 91.72% 56Fe is stable with 30 neutrons
57Fe 2.2% 57Fe is stable with 31 neutrons
58Fe 0.28% 58Fe is stable with 32 neutrons
59Fe syn 44.503 d β 1.565 59Co
60Fe syn 2.6×106 y β 3.978 60Co
Àdàkọ:Category-inline
| references

Itokasi[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

  1. Meija, Juris; Coplen, Tyler B.; Berglund, Michael; Brand, Willi A.; De Bièvre, Paul; Gröning, Manfred; Holden, Norman E.; Irrgeher, Johanna et al. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry 88 (3): 265–91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. 
  2. Ram, R. S. & Bernath, P. F. (2003). "Fourier transform emission spectroscopy of the g4Δ-a4Δ system of FeCl". Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy 221 (2): 261. Bibcode 2003JMoSp.221..261R. doi:10.1016/S0022-2852(03)00225-X. http://bernath.uwaterloo.ca/media/266.pdf. 
  3. Demazeau, G.; Buffat, B.; Pouchard, M.; Hagenmuller, P. (1982). "Recent developments in the field of high oxidation states of transition elements in oxides stabilization of Six-coordinated Iron(V)". Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie 491: 60–66. doi:10.1002/zaac.19824910109. 
  4. Lu, J.; Jian, J.; Huang, W.; Lin, H.; Li, J; Zhou, M. (2016). "Experimental and theoretical identification of the Fe(VII) oxidation state in FeO4−". Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 18 (45): 31125–31131. Bibcode 2016PCCP...1831125L. doi:10.1039/C6CP06753K. PMID 27812577.