Istanbul

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Istanbul
250px
Country Turkey
RegionMarmara
Provinceİstanbul
Founded667 BC as Byzantium
Roman/Byzantine periodAD 330 as Nova Roma (original name given in 330 and used during Constantine's reign) and later Κωνσταντινούπολις Constantinople (following Constantine's death in 337)
Ottoman period1453 as Istanbul (in Ottoman Turkish), Κωνσταντινούπολις (Greek), Constantinople (internationally) and various other names in local languages
Republic of Turkey period1923 as Istanbul (in Turkish), Κωνσταντινούπολις (Greek) and Constantinople (internationally), renamed as Istanbul also in foreign languages following the Turkish Postal Service Law of March 28, 1930
Districts27
Government
 • MayorKadir Topbaş (AKP)
Area
 • Total1,830.92 km2 (706.92 sq mi)
Elevation
100 m (300 ft)
Population
 (2008)[1][2]
 • Total12,697,164 (5th)
 • Density6,211/km2 (16,090/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Istanbulite
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
34010 to 34850 and
80000 to 81800
Area code(s)(+90) 212 (European side)
(+90) 216 (Asian side)
Licence plate34
WebsiteIstanbul Portal
Historic Areas of Istanbul*
Ibi Ọ̀ṣọ́ Àgbáyé UNESCO
State Party  Turkey
Type Cultural
Criteria I, II, III, IV
Reference 356
Region** Europe and Asia
Inscription history
Inscription 1985  (9th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.

Istanbul ni ilu totobijulo ni orile-ede Turki.




Itokasi[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

  1. "İllere göre merkez ve belde/köy nüfus toplamları". Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu. 2008. Retrieved 2009-07-16. 
  2. Àṣìṣe ìtọ́kasí: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Turkey pop 2007