Gríìsì

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Hẹ́llẹ́nìkì Olómìnira
Hellenic Republic
Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
Ellīnikī́ Dīmokratía
Àsìá Àmì orílẹ̀-èdè
MottoEleftheria i Thanatos, (Greek: "Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος", "Freedom or Death") (traditional)
Orin-ìyìn orílẹ̀-èdèὝμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν
Ýmnos eis tīn Eleftherían
Hymn to Liberty1
Ibùdó ilẹ̀  Gríìsì  (green)– on the European continent  (light green & grey)– in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]
Ibùdó ilẹ̀  Gríìsì  (green)

– on the European continent  (light green & grey)
– in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]

Olúìlú
(àti ìlú títóbijùlọ)
Athens
38°00′N 23°43′E / 38°N 23.717°E / 38; 23.717
Èdè oníbiṣẹ́ Greek
Àwọn ẹ̀yà ènìyàn  94% Greek,
4% Albanian,
2% others[1][2][3][4]
Orúkọ aráàlú Ará Gríìsì
Ìjọba Parliamentary republic
 -  Ààrẹ Karolos Papoulias
 -  Alákóso Àgbà Lucas Papademos
Aṣòfin Parliament
Modern statehood
 -  Independence from the Ottoman Empire 25 March 1821 
 -  Recognized 3 February 1830, in the London Protocol 
 -  Kingdom of Greece 7 May 1832, in the Convention of London 
 -  Current constitution 11 June 1975,
Third Hellenic Republic 
Ọmọ ẹgbẹ́ EU 1 January 1981
Ààlà
 -  Àpapọ̀ iye ààlà 131,990 km2 (96th)
50,944 sq mi 
 -  Omi (%) 0.8669
Alábùgbé
 -  Ìdíye 2010 11,305,118[5] (74th)
 -  2011 (preliminary data) census 10,787,690[6] 
 -  Ìṣúpọ̀ olùgbé 85.3/km2 (88th)
221.0/sq mi
GIO (PPP) ìdíye 2010
 -  Iye lápapọ̀ $318.082 billion[7] (37th)
 -  Ti ẹnikọ̀ọ̀kan $28,434[7] (29th)
GIO (onípípè) Ìdíye 2010
 -  Àpapọ̀ iye $305.415 billion[7] (32nd)
 -  Ti ẹnikọ̀ọ̀kan $27,302[7] (29th)
Gini (2005) 33[8] 
HDI (2011) 0.861 (very high) (29th)
Owóníná Euro ()2 (EUR)
Àkókò ilẹ̀àmùrè EET (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Ìdá ọjọ́ọdún dd/mm/yyyy
Ìwakọ̀ ní ọwọ́ right
Àmìọ̀rọ̀ Internet .gr3
Àmìọ̀rọ̀o tẹlifóònù 30
1 Also the national anthem of Cyprus.
2 Before 2001, the Greek drachma.
3 The .eu domain is also used, as in other European Union member states.

Gríìsì (English: /ˈɡriːs/  (Speaker Icon.svg listen); Gíríkì: Ελλάδα, Elláda, IPA: [eˈlaða]  ( listen); Èdè Grííkì Ayéijọ́unἙλλάς, Hellás, IPA: [helːás]), bakanna gege bi Hellas ati fun ibise bi Helleniki Olominira (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία, Ellīnikī́ Dīmokratía, IPA: [eliniˈci ðimokraˈtia]),[9] je orile-ede kan ni guusuapailaorun Europe, o budo si apaguusu opin Balkan Peninsula. Griisi ni ile bode mo Albania, Olominira ile Makedonia ati Bulgaria si ariwa, ati Turki si ilaorun. Okun Aegeani dubule si ilaorun re, the Okun Ioniani si iwoorun, ati Okun Mediterraneani si guusu. Griisi ni o ni etiodo kewa togunjulo ni agbaye toje 14,880 km (9,246.00 mi) ni gigun, ti o ni opolopo iye awon erekusu (bi 1400, 227 ni ibi ti aon eniyan ngbe), ninu won ni Crete, Dodecanese, Cyclades, ati awon Erekusu Ioniani. Bi ogorin ninu ogorun ile Griisi ni o je ti awon oke, ninu ibi ti Oke Olympus ni o gajulo to je 2,917 m (9,570.21 ft).

Griisi oni fa gbongbo de asa-olaju Griisi ayeijoun, nibi ti gbogbo eniyan gba bi ibusun asa-olaju Apaiwoorun. Nitori eyi o je ibi ibere oseluaralu,[10] imoye Apaiwoorun,[11] Awon Idije Olympiki, litireso Apaiwoorun ati itankiko, sayensi oloselu, awon ipile sayensi ati mathematiki pataki, ati drama,[12] ati trajedi ati awada. Asesile yi han gedegbe ninu awon Ibi Oso Agbaye UNESCO 17 ti won wa ni Griisi.

Griisi je orile-ede adagbasoke to ni Human Development Index giga,[13][14][15][16] Griisi ti je omo egbe Isokan Europe lati 1981 ati Isokan Okowo ati Owonina Europe lati 2001,[17] NATO lati 1952,[18] ati Ile-ise Ofurufu Europe lati 2005.[19] Bakanna o tun je omo egbe latibere Isodokan awon Orile-ede, OECD,[20] ati Agbajo Ifowosowopo Okowo ni Okun Dudu. Atensi ni oluilu re; awon ilu pataki miran nibe tun ni Thessaloniki, Patras, Heraklion ati Larissa.


Awon Periferi ati ibile[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

Fun amojuto, Griisi ni periferi metala ti won je pipin si ibile mokaleladota (nomoi, singular Gíríkì: nomos). Bakanna ni agbegbe idawa kan wa to n je Oke Athos (Gíríkì: Agio Oros, "Oke Mimo"), to ni bode mo periferi Central Macedonia.

Map Number Periphery Capital Area (km²) Area (sq mi) Population
GreeceNumberedPerepheries.png
1 Attica Athens 3,808 1,470 3,761,810
2 Central Greece Lamia 15,549 6,004 605,329
3 Central Macedonia Thessaloniki 18,811 7,263 1,871,952
4 Crete Heraklion 8,259 3,189 601,131
5 East Macedonia and Thrace Komotini 14,157 5,466 611,067
6 Epirus Ioannina 9,203 3,553 353,820
7 Ionian Islands Corfu 2,307 891 212,984
8 North Aegean Mytilene 3,836 1,481 206,121
9 Peloponnese Kalamata 15,490 5,981 638,942
10 South Aegean Ermoupoli 5,286 2,041 302,686
11 Thessaly Larissa 14,037 5,420 753,888
12 West Greece Patras 11,350 4,382 740,506
13 West Macedonia Kozani 9,451 3,649 301,522
- Mount Athos (Autonomous) Karyes 390 151 2,262




Itoka[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

  1. "Demographics of Greece". European Union National Languages. http://www.eurfedling.org/Greece.htm. Retrieved 19 December 2010. 
  2. "Greece". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gr.html. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  3. "Πίνακας 7: Αλλοδαποί κατά υπηκοότητα, φύλο και επίπεδο εκπαίδευσης – Σύνολο Ελλάδας και Νομοί [Table 7: Foreigners by citizenship, gender and educational level -Whole of Greece and Prefectures]" (in Greek). Greek National Statistics Agency. http://www.statistics.gr/portal/page/portal/ESYE/BUCKET/A1602/Other/A1602_SAM07_TB_DC_00_2001_07_F_GR.pdf. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  4. "Demography Report 2010". Eurostat Yearbook 2010. Eurostat. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/population/documents/Tab/report.pdf. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  5. "Total Population". Eurostat. 1 January 2010. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/tgm/table.do?tab=table&language=en&pcode=tps00001&tableSelection=1&footnotes=yes&labeling=labels&plugin=1. Retrieved 8 January 2010. 
  6. "'Πίνακας 1: Προσωρινά αποτελέσματα του Μόνιμου Πληθυσμού της Ελλάδος'". National Statistical Service of Greece: Ανακοίνωση προσωρινών αποτελεσμάτων Απογραφής Πληθυσμού 2011, 22 Ιουλίου 2011. http://www.tovima.gr/files/1/2011/07/22/apografh22.pdf. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Greece". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2008&ey=2011&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=174&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=57&pr.y=16. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  8. "Distribution of Family Income – Gini Index". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2172.html. Retrieved 9 July 2010. 
  9. "World Factbook - Greece: Government". CIA. www.cia.gov. 2007-03-15. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gr.html. Retrieved 2007-04-07. 
  10. Finley, M. I. Democracy Ancient and Modern. 2d ed., 1985. London: Hogarth.
  11. History of Philosophy, Volume 1 by Frederick Copleston
  12. Brockett, Oscar G. History of the Theatre. sixth ed., 1991. Boston; London: Allyn and Bacon.
  13. "World Economic Outlook Database October 2009—WEO Groups and Aggregates Information". International Monetary Fund. http://imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2009/02/weodata/groups.htm#ae. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  14. "Data - Country Groups - High-income OECD members". World Bank. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/DATASTATISTICS/0,,contentMDK:20421402~pagePK:64133150~piPK:64133175~theSitePK:239419,00.html#OECD_members. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  15. "Appendix B :: International Organizations and Groups". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/appendix/appendix-b.html. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  16. "Human Development Report 2009 - HDI rankings". United Nations Development Programme. http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  17. "Member States of the EU: Greece". European Union. europa.eu. http://europa.eu/abc/european_countries/eu_members/greece/index_en.htm. Retrieved 2007-04-07. 
  18. On the 14 August 1974 Greek forces withdrew from the integrated military structure of NATO in protest at the Turkish occupation of northern Cyprus. Greece rejoined NATO in 1980.
  19. "Greece becomes 16th ESA Member State". European Space Agency. www.esa.int. 2005-03-22. http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMWYQRMD6E_index_0.html. Retrieved 2007-04-07. 
  20. "Convention on the OECD". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. www.oecd.org. http://www.oecd.org/document/7/0,2340,en_2649_201185_1915847_1_1_1_1,00.html. Retrieved 2007-04-07.