Skọ́tlándì

Lát'ọwọ́ Wikipedia, ìwé ìmọ̀ ọ̀fẹ́
Lọ sí: atọ́ka, àwárí
Scotland  (English / Scots)
Alba  (Scottish Gaelic)
Àsìá
MottoIn My Defens God Me Defend (Scots)
(often shown abbreviated as IN DEFENS)
Orin-ìyìn orílẹ̀-èdèNone (de jure)
Flower of Scotland, Scotland the Brave (de facto)
Ibùdó ilẹ̀  Skọ́tlándì  (inset — orange)in the United Kingdom (camel)ní the European continent  (white)
Ibùdó ilẹ̀  Skọ́tlándì  (inset — orange)
in the United Kingdom (camel)

the European continent  (white)

Olúìlú Edinburgh
55°57′N 3°12′W / 55.95°N 3.2°W / 55.95; -3.2
ilú títóbijùlọ Glasgow
Èdè oníbiṣẹ́ English (de facto)1
Àwọn èdè dídámọ̀ níbẹ̀ Scottish Gaelic, Scots
Àwọn ẹ̀yà ènìyàn  88% Scottish, 8% English, Irish, Welsh, 4% other[1]
Orúkọ aráàlú Ará Scotland
Ìjọba Constitutional monarchy
 -  Monarch Elizabeth II
 -  First Minister (Head of Scottish Government) Alex Salmond MP MSP
 -  Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Gordon Brown MP
Aṣòfin Scottish Parliament
Establishment Early Middle Ages; exact date of establishment unclear or disputed; traditional 843, by King Kenneth MacAlpin[2] 
Ààlà
 -  Àpapọ̀ iye ààlà 78,772 km2 
30,414 sq mi 
 -  Omi (%) 1.9
Alábùgbé
 -  Ìdíye 2008 5,168,500 
 -  2001 census 5,062,011 
 -  Ìṣúpọ̀ olùgbé 65/km2 
168.2/sq mi
GIO (PPP) ìdíye 2006
 -  Iye lápapọ̀ US$194 billionÀdàkọ:Citation needed 
 -  Ti ẹnikọ̀ọ̀kan US$39,680Àdàkọ:Citation needed 
Owóníná Pound sterling (GBP)
Àkókò ilẹ̀àmùrè GMT (UTC0)
 -  Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Àmìọ̀rọ̀ Internet .uk4
Àmìọ̀rọ̀o tẹlifóònù 44
Patron saint St. Andrew[3]
1 Both Scots and Scottish Gaelic are officially recognised as autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages;[4] the Bòrd na Gàidhlig is tasked, under the Gaelic Language (Scotland) Act 2005, with securing Gaelic as an official language of Scotland, commanding "equal respect" with English.[5]
2 Historically, the use of "Scotch" as an adjective comparable to "Scottish" was commonplace, particularly outwith Scotland. However, the modern use of the term describes only products of Scotland, usually food or drink related.
3 Scotland's head of state is the monarch of the United Kingdom, currently Queen Elizabeth II (since 1952). Scotland has limited self-government within the United Kingdom as well as representation in the UK Parliament. It is also a UK electoral region for the European Parliament. Executive and legislative powers have been devolved to, respectively, the Scottish Government and the Scottish Parliament at Holyrood in Edinburgh.
4 Also .eu, as part of the European Union. ISO 3166-1 is GB, but .gb is unused.


  1. Registrar-General's Mid-2005 Population Estimates for Scotland
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Lynch_359
  3. "St Andrew—Quick Facts". Scotland.org—The Official Online Gateway. http://www.scotland.org/about/history-tradition-and-roots/features/culture/st-andrews.html. Retrieved 2007-12-02. 
  4. "European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages" Scottish Government. Retrieved 27 September 2007.
  5. Macleod, Angus "Gaelic given official status" (22 April 2005) The Times. London. Retrieved 2 August 2007.