Klorídì alumíníọ́mù

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Klorídì alumíníọ́mù
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Àwọn orúkọ mìíràn klorídì alumíníọ́mù(III)
Identifiers
CAS number 7446-70-0 (anhydrous),
10124-27-3 (hydrate),
7784-13-6 (hexahydrate)
PubChem 24012
ChEBI CHEBI:30114
nọ́mbà RTECS BD0530000
ATC code D10AX01
SMILES
InChI
InChI key VSCWAEJMTAWNJL-DFZHHIFOAR
ChemSpider ID 22445
Properties
Molecular formula AlCl3
Molar mass 133.34 g/mol (anhydrous)
241.43 g/mol (hexahydrate)
Appearance white or pale yellow solid,
hygroscopic
Density 2.48 g/cm3 (anhydrous)
1.3 g/cm3 (hexahydrate)
Ojúàmì ìyọ́

192.4 °C *(anhydrous)
100 °C (hexahydrate)

Ojúàmì ìhó

120 °C (hexahydrate)

Solubility in water 43.9 g/100 ml (0 °C)
44.9 g/100 ml (10 °C)
45.8 g/100 ml (20 °C)
46.6 g/100 ml (30 °C)
47.3 g/100 ml (40 °C)
48.1 g/100 ml (60 °C)
48.6 g/100 ml (80 °C)
49 g/100 ml (100 °C)
Solubility soluble in hydrogen chloride, ethanol, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride
slightly soluble in benzene
Structure
Crystal structure Monoclinic, mS16
Space group C12/m1, No. 12
Jẹ́ómẹ́trì
ìjọfẹnukò
Octahedral (solid)
Tetrahedral (liquid)
Molecular shape Trigonal planar
(monomeric vapour)
Thermochemistry
Std enthalpy of
formation
ΔfHo298
−704 kJ·mol−1[1]
Standard molar
entropy
So298
111 J·mol−1·K−1[1]
Hazards
EU classification Corrosive (C)
R-phrases R34
S-phrases (S1/2), S7/8, S28, S45
LD50 anhydrous:
380 mg/kg, rat (oral)
hexahydrate:
3311 mg/kg, rat (oral)
Related compounds
Other anions Aluminium fluoride
Aluminium bromide
Aluminium iodide
Other cations Boron trichloride
Gallium trichloride
Indium(III) chloride
Magnesium chloride
Related Lewis acids Iron(III) chloride
Boron trifluoride
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Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Klorídì alumíníọ́mù (AlCl3) ni àdàpọ̀ pàtàkì ti alumíníọ́mù àti klorínì. Funfun ni àwọ̀ rẹ̀, sùgbọ́n ó sábà ní ìdọ̀tí triklorídì irin tó únsọ àwọ̀ rẹ̀ di pípọ́n. Tó bá jẹ́ adirapọ̀, ó ní ojúàmì ìyọ́ ati ìhó kúkúrú. Níbi tí wọ́n ti únṣe ẹ̀ṣọ́ alumíníọ́mù ni wọ́n ti únsábà ṣe é àti lò ó, sùgbọ́n ó tún wúlò ní àwọn ilẹ́-iṣẹ́ kẹ́míkà míràn. Wọ́n sábà tọ́ka sí àdàpọ̀ yìí bíi ásìdì Lewis. Ó jẹ́ àpẹrẹ àdàpọ̀ àìníọ́rgánì tó "únfọ́" ní tẹ́mprétọ̀ tó lọ́wọ́rọ́, láti yípadà sẹ́yìn láti polymermólékùlù.

Itokasi[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Zumdahl, Steven S. (2009). Chemical Principles 6th Ed.. Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-618-94690-X.