Klorínì

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Klorínì
17Cl
F

Cl

Br
sulfurklorínìargon
Ìhànsójú
pale yellow-green gas
Àwọn ìdámọ́ wíwọ́pọ̀
Orúkọ, àmì-ìdámọ́, nọ́mbà klorínì, Cl, 17
Ẹ̀ka ẹ́límẹ̀nti Halogen
Ẹgbẹ́, àsìkò, àdìpò 173, p
Ìwúwo átọ́mù 35.453(2)
Ìtòléra ẹ̀lẹ́ktrónì [Ne] 3s2 3p5
2, 8, 7
Electron shells of chlorine (2, 8, 7)
Physical properties
Phase ẹ̀fúùfù
Density (0 °C, 101.325 kPa)
3.2 g/L
Melting point 171.6 K, -101.5 °C, -150.7 °F
Boiling point 239.11 K, -34.04 °C, -29.27 °F
Critical point 416.9 K, 7.991 MPa
Heat of fusion (Cl2) 6.406 kJ·mol−1
Heat of vaporization (Cl2) 20.41 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity (Cl2)
33.949 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 128 139 153 170 197 239
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, -1
(strongly acidic oxide)
Electronegativity 3.16 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies
(more)
1st: 1251.2 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 2298 kJ·mol−1
3rd: 3822 kJ·mol−1
Covalent radius 102±4 pm
Van der Waals radius 175 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structure orthorhombic
Klorínì has a orthorhombic crystal structure
Magnetic ordering diamagnetic[1]
Electrical resistivity (20 °C) > 10 Ω·m
Thermal conductivity 8.9x10-3  W·m−1·K−1
Speed of sound (gas, 0 °C) 206 m·s−1
CAS registry number 7782-50-5
Àwọn ísótòpù dídúró jùlọ
Main article: Àwọn ísótòpù klorínì
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
35Cl 75.77% 35Cl is stable with 18 neutrons
36Cl trace 3.01×105 y β 0.709 36Ar
ε - 36S
37Cl 24.23% 37Cl is stable with 20 neutrons
· r

Klorínì (play /ˈklɔərn/ KLOHR-een; lati Èdè Grííkì Ayéijọ́unχλωρóς khlôros "pale green") je elimenti kemika to ni nomba atomu 17 ati ami-idamo Cl. Ohun ni halojínì keji to fuyejulo, leyin fluorini to je eyi to fuyejulo. Klorini wa ninu tabili alakoko ninu adipo 17. Apilese yi le di horo oniatomumeji labe awon isele opagun, ti a n pe ni klorinimeji (dichlorine). O ni ibasepo elektroni to gajulo ati ijealodionina keta to gajulo larin gbogbo awon apilese; fun idi eyi klorini je oxidizing agent to lagbara.


Itokasi[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

  1. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81th edition, CRC press.