Alessandro Volta

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Alessandro Volta
Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta
ÌbíFebruary 18, 1745
Como, Duchy of Milan
AláìsíMarch 5, 1827(1827-03-05) (ọmọ ọdún 82)
Como, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia
Ọmọ orílẹ̀-èdèItalian
PápáPhysics & Chemistry
Ó gbajúmọ̀ fúnInvention of the Electric Cell
Discovery of Methane
Volt
Voltage
Voltmeter

Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta (18 February 1745 – 5 March 1827) je asefisiksi ara Italia[1][2] onímọ̀ kẹ́míìsì, àti aṣáájú-ọ̀nà iná mànàmáná àti agbára[3][4],ẹni tí a kà sí ẹni tí ó dá batiri oníná àti olùṣàwárí methane. O ṣe pile voltaic ni ọdun 1799, o si royin awọn abajade awọn idanwo rẹ ni ọdun 1800 ninu lẹta apakan meji si Alakoso Ẹgbẹ Royal[5][6]. Pẹlu ẹda yii Volta fi idi rẹ mulẹ pe ina le ṣe ipilẹṣẹ ni kemikali ati pe o sọ asọye ilana ti o gbilẹ pe awọn ẹda alãye nikan ni a ṣe ina ina. Awọn kiikan Volta tan imọlẹ nla ti imo ijinle sayensi o si mu ki awọn miiran ṣe awọn idanwo ti o jọra, eyiti o yorisi idagbasoke aaye ti itanna eletiriki.[6]


Volta tun fa itara lati ọdọ Napoleon Bonaparte fun ẹda rẹ, o si pe si Institute of France lati ṣe afihan ẹda rẹ si awọn ọmọ ẹgbẹ ti ile-ẹkọ naa. Volta gbádùn ìsúnmọ́ra kan pẹ̀lú olú ọba jálẹ̀ ìgbésí ayé rẹ̀, ó sì fi ọ̀pọ̀ ọlá fún un. Volta di alaga ti fisiksi idanwo ni Yunifasiti ti Pavia fun ohun ti o fẹrẹẹ to 40 ọdun ati pe awọn ọmọ ile-iwe rẹ ṣe oriṣa pupọ.[7]

Pelu aṣeyọri alamọdaju rẹ, Volta nifẹ lati jẹ eniyan ti o ni itara si igbesi aye inu ile ati pe eyi han diẹ sii ni awọn ọdun ti o kẹhin. Ni akoko yii o nifẹ lati gbe ni ikọkọ lati igbesi aye gbogbogbo ati diẹ sii nitori idile rẹ titi di iku rẹ nikẹhin ni ọdun 1827 lati ọpọlọpọ awọn aisan ti o bẹrẹ ni ọdun 1823. Ẹka SI ti agbara ina mọnamọna ni orukọ ni ọlá rẹ bi volt.

Igbesi aye ibẹrẹ ati awọn iṣẹ[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

Volta ni a bi ni Como, ilu kan ni ariwa Ilu Italia, ni ọjọ 18 Kínní 1745. Ni ọdun 1794, Volta fẹ iyaafin aristocratic tun lati Como, Teresa Peregrini, pẹlu ẹniti o dide ọmọkunrin mẹta: Zanino, Flaminio, ati Luigi. Baba rẹ, Filippo Volta, jẹ ti idile ọlọla. Iya rẹ, Donna Maddalena, wa lati idile Inzaghis.[8]

Ni 1774, o di ọjọgbọn ti fisiksi ni Royal School ni Como. Odun kan nigbamii, o mu ilọsiwaju ati ki o gbajumo ni electrophorus, ẹrọ kan ti o nse ina aimi. Igbega rẹ̀ gbòòrò débi pé ó sábà máa ń jẹ́ ẹni tí ó ṣẹ̀dá rẹ̀, bí ó tilẹ̀ jẹ́ pé ẹ̀rọ kan tí ń ṣiṣẹ́ lórí ìlànà kan náà ni a ṣapejuwe rẹ̀ ní 1762 láti ọwọ́ olùdánwò ará Sweden Johan Wilcke.[3] Ni ọdun 1777, o rin irin-ajo nipasẹ Switzerland. Nibẹ ni o ṣe ọrẹ H. B. de Saussure.

Ni awọn ọdun laarin 1776 ati 1778, Volta kọ ẹkọ kemistri ti awọn gaasi. O ṣe iwadii ati ṣe awari methane lẹhin kika iwe kan nipasẹ Benjamin Franklin ti Amẹrika lori “afẹfẹ flammable”. Ni Oṣu kọkanla ọdun 1776, o rii methane ninu awọn ira ti Angera lori adagun Maggiore, ati ni ọdun 1778 o ṣakoso lati ya sọtọ methane. O ṣe agbekalẹ awọn idanwo bii ina methane nipasẹ ina mọnamọna kan ninu ọkọ oju-omi ti o ni pipade.

Volta tun ṣe iwadi ohun ti a n pe ni agbara itanna ni bayi, idagbasoke awọn ọna lọtọ lati ṣe iwadi mejeeji agbara itanna (V) ati idiyele (Q), ati ṣawari pe fun ohun ti a fifun, wọn jẹ iwọn. Eyi ni a npe ni Volta's Law of Capacitance, ati fun iṣẹ yii ẹyọ ti agbara itanna ti ni orukọ folti.[9]

Ni ọdun 1779, o di olukọ ọjọgbọn ti fisiksi adanwo ni Yunifasiti ti Pavia, alaga kan ti o tẹdo fun fere 40 ọdun.




Itokasi[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

  1. Giuliano Pancaldi, "Volta: Science and culture in the age of enlightenment", Princeton University Press, 2003.
  2. Alberto Gigli Berzolari, "nolta's Teaching in Como and Pavia"- Nuova voltiana
  3. 3.0 3.1 Pancaldi, G. (2005). Volta: Science and Culture in the Age of Enlightenment. Book collections on Project MUSE. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-12226-7. https://books.google.com.ng/books?id=hGoYB1Twx4sC. Retrieved 2022-02-01. 
  4. "Engineering Hall of Fame". Edison Tech Center. Retrieved 2022-02-01. 
  5. "Milestones:Volta's Electrical Battery Invention, 1799". Engineering and Technology History Wiki. Retrieved 2022-02-01. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Scientific, Thermo Fisher; Russell, Colin (2003-08-01). "Enterprise and electrolysis...". Chemistry World. Retrieved 2022-02-01. 
  7. "Pioneers of Electricity; Or, Short Lives of the Great Electricians : John Munro : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive". Internet Archive. 2022-01-14. Retrieved 2022-02-01. 
  8. "Life and works". alessandrovolta.info. 2015-02-21. Archived from the original on 2015-02-21. Retrieved 2022-02-01. 
  9. Williams, J.H. (2014). Defining and Measuring Nature: The Make of All Things. IOP Concise Physics: A Morgan & Claypool Publication. Morgan & Claypool Publishers. p. 76. ISBN 978-1-62705-280-1. https://books.google.com/books?id=iPO9BAAAQBAJ&pg=PT76. Retrieved 2022-02-01.