Ìyàtọ̀ láàrin àwọn àtúnyẹ̀wò "Australopithecus africanus"

Jump to navigation Jump to search
Created by translating the page "Australopithecus africanus"
(Created by translating the page "Australopithecus africanus")
(Created by translating the page "Australopithecus africanus")
'''''Australopithecus africanus''''' jẹ́ èya australopithecines ìgbàanìelérò ayé àtijọ́ tí ó jẹ́ àkọ́kọ́ ẹ̀yà ọ̀bo tí a kà sí Hominine (ní 1924). Láìpẹ́, wọ́n kàá sí wípé ó gbéléayé láàrin ọduń míliọ́ọ̀nù 3.3 sí 2.1 sẹ́yìn, tàbí ní òpin Pliocene àti ìbẹ̀rè Pleistocene sẹ́yìn; Àsọyépọ̀ fihàn pé ó jẹ́ ìràn ènìyàn ti ìgbà ìsìsìyí.<ref>{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.mnh.si.edu/anthro/humanorigins/ha/a_tree.html|title=Human Evolution by The Smithsonian Institution's Human Origins Program|work=si.edu}}</ref> A. africanus jẹ́ tẹ́ẹ́rẹ tí wọ́n rí ní
apágúúsùapá gúúsù <nowiki>[[Africa|Áfíríkà]]</nowiki> nìkan: Taung (1924), Sterkfontein (1935),  Makapansgat (1948) àti Gladysvale (1992).<ref name="info">{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.archaeologyinfo.com/australopithecusafricanus.htm|title=Australopithecus africanus|work=archaeologyinfo.com}}</ref>
 
 
=== Ọmọ Taung ===
[[Fáìlì:Australopithecus_africanus_-_Cast_of_taung_child.jpg|thumb|250x250px| Àgbẹ́dẹ ọmo Taung]]
Ramond Dart, tí ó jẹ́ olórí ẹ̀ka ètò ìpín ara ènìyàn ti University of the Witwatersrand ní Johasnnesburg,  gúúsù <nowiki>[[Africa|Áfíríkà]]</nowiki>
Raymond Dart, then the head of the department of anatomy at the University of the Witwatersrand in [[Johannesburg]], [[Gúúsù Áfríkà|South Africa]], became interested in fossils found at a limestone quarry at Taung near [[Kimberley]], [[Gúúsù Áfríkà|South Africa]] in 1924.<ref>{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.press.uchicago.edu/Misc/Chicago/284158_brain.html|title=Raymond Dart and our African origins|work=uchicago.edu}}</ref><ref>{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/homs/rdart.html|title=Biographies: Raymond Dart|work=talkorigins.org}}</ref> The most promising of these was a skull of an odd [[Àwọn Irúọmọnìyàn|ape]]-like creature presenting human traits at the eye orbits, teeth, and, most importantly, the hole at the base of the skull over the spinal column (the foramen magnum); its placement indicated a human-like upright posture and implied a high probability that this hominid-to-hominin primate had achieved bipedal, as opposed to quadrupedal locomotion. Dart assigned the specimen the name ''Australopithecus africanus'' ("southern ape of Africa");<ref name="info">{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.archaeologyinfo.com/australopithecusafricanus.htm|title=Australopithecus africanus|work=archaeologyinfo.com}}</ref> it was also dubbed "the Taung child".
 
 
 
Raymondaymond Dart, then the head of the department of anatomy at the University of the Witwatersrand in [[Johannesburg]], [[Gúúsù Áfríkà|South Africa]], became interested in fossils found at a limestone quarry at Taung near [[Kimberley]], [[Gúúsù Áfríkà|South Africa]] in 1924.<ref>{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.press.uchicago.edu/Misc/Chicago/284158_brain.html|title=Raymond Dart and our African origins|work=uchicago.edu}}</ref><ref>{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/homs/rdart.html|title=Biographies: Raymond Dart|work=talkorigins.org}}</ref> The most promising of these was a skull of an odd [[Àwọn Irúọmọnìyàn|ape]]-like creature presenting human traits at the eye orbits, teeth, and, most importantly, the hole at the base of the skull over the spinal column (the foramen magnum); its placement indicated a human-like upright posture and implied a high probability that this hominid-to-hominin primate had achieved bipedal, as opposed to quadrupedal locomotion. Dart assigned the specimen the name ''Australopithecus africanus'' ("southern ape of Africa");<ref name="info">{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.archaeologyinfo.com/australopithecusafricanus.htm|title=Australopithecus africanus|work=archaeologyinfo.com}}</ref> it was also dubbed "the Taung child".
 
== See also ==

Ètò ìtọ́sọ́nà