Wikipedia:Tutorial (Ìtọ́kasí)

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As explained in About Wikipedia, "if you add information to an article, be sure to include your references, as unreferenced facts are subject to removal." It is best to use inline citations so that other editors and readers can verify the information you add. Also, make sure that the sources you use are trustworthy and authoritative.

Footnotes

The easiest way to create an inline citation is using footnotes. You can create footnotes with Wiki markup (under the edit box on your Wiki GUI) by adding

  • <ref>YOUR SOURCE</ref> ref tags around your source and, if not there already,
  • {{Reflist}} or <references/> under the heading ==References== near the bottom of the page.

The ref tags will convert your source into a footnote reference (like this one[1]).


If your source is a website, you should create an external link to the website address. Do not use other Wikipedia articles as sources.

To create an external link to your source, put the website address (URL) in square brackets before the text you add, such as

  • <ref>[http://www.google.com Google search engine]</ref>

It is a good idea, though not required, to provide a short description just after the external site address. This description will be displayed in the reference list as the title of the external site, rather than the actual URL of the site.

To cite a webpage without giving a description, you can just give the URL and enclose it in ref tags, for example

  • <ref>http://www.google.com</ref>

There are templates allowing you to format references, such as links to news articles, see Wikipedia:Citation templates.

The external links section

Many Wikipedia articles have a separate section labelled External links. This section is for linking to websites with significant and reliable additional information on an article's topic. Not all external links are appropriate for use in a Wikipedia article, see Wikipedia:External links for a guideline. Before adding a website to an External links section, it is advised that you suggest it on the article's Discussion (talk) page.

Inside a single set of brackets, simply type in the full URL for the link, followed by a space and the text that will be visible, for example:

[http://www.google.com Google search engine]

will display the following, whilst linking to the full URL:

Google search engine


Test what you have learned in the sandbox

Continue the tutorial with Talk Pages
  1. Example