Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)

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سلطنة المماليك
Sulṭanat Misr al-Mamālīk
Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt

 

1250–1517
 

 

Mamluk Egyptian Flag according to the Catalan Atlas.

Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt (green), c. 1279.
Capital Cairo
Language(s) Egyptian Arabic
Coptic
Kipchak Turkic[1]
Religion Sunni Islam
Government Monarchy
Sultan
 - 1250–1257 Izz al-Din Aybak
 - 1516–1517 Tuman bay II
History
 - Turanshah's death 1250
 - Battle of Ridaniya 1517
Ní òní ó jẹ́ apá  Egypt
 Israel
 Jordan

 Lẹ́bánọ́nì
 Líbyà
 Palestine
Àdàkọ:KSA
Àdàkọ:SUD
 Syria
 Turkey

Warning: Value specified for "continent" does not comply
Ìtàn ilẹ̀ Ẹ́gíptì
Ancient Egypt Wings.svg

Re-Horakhty.svg
Ankh.svg
Mut.svg

Àyọkà yìí jẹ́ ìkan nínú àwọn àyọkà ẹlẹ́sẹẹsẹ
Ẹ́gíptì Ayéijọ́un
Ẹ́gíptì Aṣíwájú Ìran-ọba
Ẹ́gíptì Ìran-ọba Àkọ́kọ́
Ìgbà Ìran-ọba Ìbẹ̀rẹ̀
Ilẹ̀ọba Àtijọ́
Ìgbà Àpínyà Àkọ́kọ́
Ilẹ̀ọba Àrin
Ìgbà Àpínyà Kejì
Ilẹ̀ọba Tuntun
Ìgbà Àpínyà Kẹta
Ìgbà Àkọ́kọ́ Akẹmẹ́nídì
Ìgbà Ìgbẹ̀yìn
Ìgbà Kejì Akẹmẹ́nídì
Ìgbà Ptolemy
Alẹksándà Ẹnínlá
Ptolemaic Egypt
Roman & Byzantine Egypt
Christian Egypt
Byzantine Egypt
Sassanid Occupation
Muslim Egypt
Fatimid Egypt
Ayyubid Egypt
Mamluk Egypt
Ottoman Egypt
Modern Egypt
French Campaign
Muhammad Ali Dynasty
Khedivate of Egypt
Sultanate of Egypt
Kingdom of Egypt
Republic
Fall of Mubarak Government
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Èbúté Ẹ́gíptì

The Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt was the final independent Egyptian state prior to the establishment of the Muhammad Ali Dynasty in 1805. It lasted from the overthrow of the Ayyubid Dynasty until the Ottoman conquest of Egypt in 1517. The sultanate's ruling caste was composed of Mamluks, soldiers of predominantly Kipchak Turkish/Cuman, and Circassian slave origin.[2] While Mamluks were purchased, their status was above ordinary slaves, who were not allowed to carry weapons or perform certain tasks. Mamluks were considered to be "true lords", with social status above freeborn Egyptian Muslims. Though it declined towards the end of its existence, at its height the sultanate represented the zenith of Egyptian and Levantine political, economic, and cultural glory in the Islamic era.Àdàkọ:Peacock term

Itokasi[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

  1. Kennedy, Hugh N. The Historiography of Islamic Egypt (C. 950-1800), (Brill Academic Publishers, 2001), 69. [1]
  2. Isichei, Elizabeth (1997). A History of African Societies to 1870. Cambridge University Press. pp. 192.