|Scotland (English / Scots)
Alba (Scottish Gaelic)
|Motto: In My Defens God Me Defend (Scots)
(often shown abbreviated as IN DEFENS)
|Orin-ìyìn orílẹ̀-èdè: None (de jure)
Flower of Scotland, Scotland the Brave (de facto)
|Èdè oníbiṣẹ́||English (de facto)1|
|Àwọn èdè dídámọ̀ níbẹ̀||Scottish Gaelic, Scots|
|Àwọn ẹ̀yà ènìyàn||88% Scottish, 8% English, Irish, Welsh, 4% other|
|Orúkọ aráàlú||Ará Scotland|
|-||First Minister (Head of Scottish Government)||Alex Salmond MP MSP|
|-||Prime Minister of the United Kingdom||Gordon Brown MP|
|Establishment||Early Middle Ages; exact date of establishment unclear or disputed; traditional 843, by King Kenneth MacAlpin|
|-||Àpapọ̀ iye ààlà||78,772 km2
30,414 sq mi
|GIO (PPP)||ìdíye 2006|
|-||Iye lápapọ̀||US$194 billionÀdàkọ:Citation needed|
|-||Ti ẹnikọ̀ọ̀kan||US$39,680Àdàkọ:Citation needed|
|Owóníná||Pound sterling (
|Àkókò ilẹ̀àmùrè||GMT (UTC0)|
|-||Summer (DST)||BST (UTC+1)|
|Patron saint||St. Andrew|
|1||Both Scots and Scottish Gaelic are officially recognised as autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages; the Bòrd na Gàidhlig is tasked, under the Gaelic Language (Scotland) Act 2005, with securing Gaelic as an official language of Scotland, commanding "equal respect" with English.|
|2||Historically, the use of "Scotch" as an adjective comparable to "Scottish" was commonplace, particularly outwith Scotland. However, the modern use of the term describes only products of Scotland, usually food or drink related.|
|3||Scotland's head of state is the monarch of the United Kingdom, currently Queen Elizabeth II (since 1952). Scotland has limited self-government within the United Kingdom as well as representation in the UK Parliament. It is also a UK electoral region for the European Parliament. Executive and legislative powers have been devolved to, respectively, the Scottish Government and the Scottish Parliament at Holyrood in Edinburgh.|
|4||Also .eu, as part of the European Union. ISO 3166-1 is GB, but .gb is unused.|
|Àyọkà yìí tàbí apá rẹ̀ únfẹ́ àtúnṣe sí.
- Registrar-General's Mid-2005 Population Estimates for Scotland
- "St Andrew—Quick Facts". Scotland.org—The Official Online Gateway. http://www.scotland.org/about/history-tradition-and-roots/features/culture/st-andrews.html. Retrieved 2007-12-02.
- "European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages" Scottish Government. Retrieved 27 September 2007.
- Macleod, Angus "Gaelic given official status" (22 April 2005) The Times. London. Retrieved 2 August 2007.