- 1953 – The Soviet Union breaks off diplomatic relations with Israel.
- 1990 – Nelson Mandela, a political prisoner for 27 years, is released from Victor Verster Prison outside Cape Town, South Africa.
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- 1776 – Ioannis Kapodistrias, Greek diplomat of the Russian Empire and first head of state of independent Greece (d. 1831)
- 1900 – Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (d. 2002)
- 1934 – Manuel Noriega, Panamanian general and dictator
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