Ìpínlẹ̀ Alabama

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State of Alabama
Flag of Alabama State seal of Alabama
Flag Seal
Ìlàjẹ́: Yellowhammer State; Heart of Dixie; Cotton State
Motto(s): Audemus jura nostra defendere (Latin)
Map of the United States with Alabama highlighted
Èdè oníibiṣẹ́ English
Spoken language(s) English (96.17%)
Spanish (2.12%)
Orúkọaráàlú Alabamian or Alabaman
Olúìlú Montgomery
Ìlú atóbijùlọ Birmingham
229,800 (2007 estimate)[1]
Largest metro area Greater Birmingham Area
Àlà  Ipò 30th ní U.S.
 - Total 52,419 sq mi
(135,765 km2)
 - Width 190 miles (306 km)
 - Length 330 miles (531 km)
 - % water 3.20
 - Latitude 30° 11′ N to 35° N
 - Longitude 84° 53′ W to 88° 28′ W
Iyeèrò  Ipò 23rd ní U.S.
 - Total 4,661,900 (2008 est.)[2]
4,447,100 (2000)
Density 84.83/sq mi  (33.84/km2)
Ranked 27th in the U.S.
Elevation  
 - Highest point Mount Cheaha[3]
2,413 ft (734 m)
 - Mean 499 ft  (152 m)
 - Lowest point Gulf of Mexico[3]
sea level
Admission to Union  December 14, 1819 (22nd)
Gómìnà Robert R. Riley (R)
Ìgbákejì Gómìnà Jim Folsom, Jr. (D)
Legislature {{{Legislature}}}
 - Upper house {{{Upperhouse}}}
 - Lower house {{{Lowerhouse}}}
U.S. Senators Richard Shelby (R)
Jeff Sessions (R)
U.S. House delegation 4 Republicans, 3 Democrats (list)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/DST-5
Abbreviations AL Ala. US-AL
Website alabama.gov
Alabama State Symbols
Flag of Alabama.svg
The flag of Alabama.

Animate insignia
Amphibian Red Hills salamander
Bird Yellowhammer, Wild Turkey
Butterfly Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
Fish Largemouth bass, Fighting tarpon
Flower Camellia, Oak-leaf Hydrangea
Insect Monarch Butterfly
Mammal American Black Bear, Racking horse
Reptile Alabama red-bellied turtle
Tree Longleaf Pine

Inanimate insignia
Beverage Conecuh Ridge Whiskey
Colors Red, White
Dance Square Dance
Food Pecan, Blackberry, Peach
Fossil Basilosaurus
Gemstone Star Blue Quartz
Mineral Hematite
Rock Marble
Shell Johnstone's Junonia
Slogan(s) Share The Wonder,
Alabama the beautiful,
Where America finds its voice,
Sweet Home Alabama
Soil Bama
Song(s) Alabama

Route marker(s)
Alabama Route Marker

State Quarter
Quarter of Alabama
Released in 2003

Lists of United States state insignia



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