- 1775 – African-American poet Phillis Wheatley freed from slavery.
- 1860 – The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty.
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- 1905 – Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Ivorian politician, 1st President of Côte d'Ivoire (d. 1993)
- 1926 – Chuck Berry, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1951 – Terry McMillan, American author
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