- 1850 – As part of the Compromise of 1850 California was admitted into the United States as a free state instead of a slave state where slavery was legal.
- 2004 – A car bomb exploded outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia, killing at least nine people and injuring over 150 others.
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- 1828 – Leo Tolstoy, Russian author (d. 1910)
- 1941 – Otis Redding, American singer-songwriter and producer (d. 1967)
- 1949 – Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Indonesian general and politician, 6th President of Indonesia
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