Àtòjọ àwọn olórí orílẹ̀-èdè ilẹ̀ Hàítì

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Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
Àyọkà yìí jẹ́ ìkan nínú àwọn àyọkà nípa
ìṣèlú àti ìjọba ilẹ̀
Hàítì
 

Àyọkà yìí ṣe àtòjọ àwọn olórí orílẹ̀-èdè ilẹ̀ Hàítì láti ìbẹ̀rẹ̀ Ìjídìde àwọn ará Hàítì ní 1791. Òmìniran gangan jẹ́ fífilọ́lẹ̀ ní 1804.

Between 1806 and 1820 Haiti was divided between the northern State, renamed Kingdom of Haiti in 1811, and the southern Republic of Haiti. Between 1822 and 1844 the Republic of Haiti ruled over the entire island of Hispaniola, during the period known as the unification of Hispaniola.

Àwọn Olórí Orílẹ̀-èdè ilẹ̀ Hàítì[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

Saint-Domingue (1791–1804)[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Title(s)
B'ọ́sí ipò Kúrò l'órí ipò Ìgbà orí ipò
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |N/A Général Toussaint Louverture.jpg Toussaint Louverture
(1743–1803)
1 January 1791 6 May 1802 11 years, 125 days Independent Leader of the Haitian Revolution (1 January 1791 – 6 May 1802)
Lieutenant Governor of Saint-Domingue (1797 – 7 July 1801)
Governor-General for Life of the entire island of Hispaniola (7 July 1801 – 6 May 1802)
Vacant (6 May 1802–1 January 1804)
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |N/A Jean-Jacques-Dessalines.jpg Jean-Jacques Dessalines
(1758–1806)
1 January 1804 22 September 1804 265 days Independent Governor-General of Haiti

First Empire of Haiti (1804–1806)[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Period of reign Coronation Title(s)
Reign start Reign end Duration
1 Jean-Jacques-Dessalines.jpg Jacques I
(1758–1806)
22 September 1804 17 October 1806 2 years, 25 days 8 October 1804 Emperor of Haiti

State of Haiti (1806–1811)[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Title(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |N/A Henri Christophe.jpg Henri Christophe
(1767–1820)
17 October 1806 28 March 1811 4 years, 162 days Independent Provisional Chief of the Haitian Government (17 October 1806 – 17 February 1807)
President (17 February 1807 – 28 March 1811)
[lower-alpha 1]

Kingdom of Haiti (1811–1820)[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Period of reign Coronation Title(s)
Reign start Reign end Duration
N/A Henri Christophe.jpg Henri I
(1767–1820)
28 March 1811 8 October 1820 9 years, 194 days 2 June 1811 King of Haiti[lower-alpha 2]

Republic of Haiti (1806–1822)[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Title(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |1 Petion (President d'Haiti 1807-1818).jpg Alexandre Pétion
(1770–1818)
17 October 1806 29 March 1818 11 years, 163 days Independent President (17 October 1806 – 9 October 1816)
President for Life (9 October 1816 – 29 March 1818)
[lower-alpha 3]
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |2 Président Jean-Pierre Boyer.jpg Jean-Pierre Boyer
(1776–1850)
30 March 1818 9 February 1822 3 years, 316 days Independent President for Life[lower-alpha 4]

Republic of Haiti during the unification of Hispaniola (1822–1844)[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Title(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |(2) Président Jean-Pierre Boyer.jpg Jean-Pierre Boyer
(1776–1850)
9 February 1822 13 February 1843 21 years, 4 days Independent President for Life
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |3 Charles Rivière-Hérard.jpg Charles Rivière-Hérard
(1789–1850)
4 April 1843 27 February 1844 329 days Independent President

Republic of Haiti (1844–1849)[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Title(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |(3) Charles Rivière-Hérard.jpg Charles Rivière-Hérard
(1789–1850)
27 February 1844 3 May 1844 66 days Independent President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |4 Philippe Guerrier.jpg Philippe Guerrier
(1757–1845)
3 May 1844 15 April 1845 347 days Independent President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |5 Jean-Louis Pierrot.jpg Jean-Louis Pierrot
(1761–1857)
16 April 1845 24 March 1846 342 days Independent President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |6 Jean-Baptiste Riché.jpg Jean-Baptiste Riché
(1780–1847)
24 March 1846 28 February 1847 341 days Independent President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |7 Faustin Soulouque.jpg Faustin Soulouque
(1782–1867)
2 March 1847 26 August 1849 2 years, 177 days Independent President

Second Empire of Haiti (1849–1859)[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Period of reign Coronation Title(s)
Reign start Reign end Duration
2 Faustin I.jpg Faustin I
(1782–1867)
26 August 1849 22 January 1859 9 years, 149 days 18 April 1852 Emperor of Haiti

Republic of Haiti (1859–1957)[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Party Title(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |8 Fabre Geffrard (President d'Haiti 1859-1867).jpg Fabre Geffrard
(1806–1878)
22 January 1859 13 March 1867 8 years, 50 days Independent President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |— Nissage Saget.jpg Jean-Nicolas Nissage Saget
(1810–1880)
20 March 1867 2 May 1867 43 days Independent Provisional President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |9 Sylvain Salnave .jpg Sylvain Salnave
(1827–1870)
4 May 1867 27 December 1869 2 years, 237 days Independent President
10 Nissage Saget.jpg Jean-Nicolas Nissage Saget
(1810–1880)
27 December 1869 14 May 1874 4 years, 138 days Liberal Party President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |— Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Council of Secretaries of State 14 May 1874 14 June 1874 31 days Independent Council of Secretaries of State
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |11 Michel Domingue.jpg Michel Domingue
(1813–1877)
14 June 1874 15 April 1876 1 year, 306 days Independent President
12 Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal.jpg Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
(1832–1905)
23 April 1876 17 July 1879 3 years, 85 days Liberal Party Provisional President (23 April 1876 – 17 July 1876)
President (17 July 1876 – 17 July 1879)
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |— Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Joseph Lamothe
(?–1891)
26 July 1879 2 October 1879 68 days Independent Provisional President
13 Salomon 200.jpg Lysius Salomon
(1815–1888)
2 October 1879 10 August 1888 8 years, 313 days National Party President
Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal.jpg Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
(1832–1905)
10 August 1888 16 October 1888 67 days Liberal Party Provisional President
14 François Denys Légitime.jpg François Denys Légitime
(1841–1935)
16 October 1888 23 August 1889 311 days Liberal Party President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |— Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Monpoint Jeune
(1830–1905)
23 August 1889 17 October 1889 55 days Independent Provisional President
15 Florvil Hyppolite official photo.jpg Florvil Hyppolite
(1828–1896)
17 October 1889 24 March 1896 6 years, 159 days National Party President
16 Tirésias Simon Sam portrait.jpg Tirésias Simon Sam
(1835–1916)
31 March 1896 12 May 1902 6 years, 42 days National Party President
Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal.jpg Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
(1832–1905)
26 May 1902 17 December 1902 205 days Liberal Party Provisional President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Military rule/meta/color; color:black" |17 Pierre Nord Alexis, 1905.jpg Pierre Nord Alexis
(1820–1910)
21 December 1902 2 December 1908 5 years, 347 days Military President
18 Presidentsimon.jpg François C. Antoine Simon
(1843–1923)
6 December 1908 3 August 1911 2 years, 240 days Liberal Party President
19 Cincinnatus Leconte.jpg Cincinnatus Leconte
(1854–1912)
15 August 1911 8 August 1912 359 days National Party President[lower-alpha 5]
20 Tancrede Auguste.jpg Tancrède Auguste
(1856–1913)
8 August 1912 2 May 1913 267 days National Party President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |21 Michel Oreste portrait.jpg Michel Oreste
(1859–1918)
12 May 1913 27 January 1914 260 days Independent President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Military rule/meta/color; color:black" |22 Oreste Zamor portrait.jpg Oreste Zamor
(1861–1915)
8 February 1914 29 October 1914 263 days Military President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Military rule/meta/color; color:black" |23 Joseph Davilmar Theodore portrait.jpg Joseph Davilmar Théodore
(1847–1917)
7 November 1914 22 February 1915 107 days Military President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Military rule/meta/color; color:black" |24 Vilbrun Guillaume Sam portrait.jpg Vilbrun Guillaume Sam
(1859–1915)
25 February 1915 28 July 1915 153 days Military President[lower-alpha 6]
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |25 Dartiguenave.jpg Philippe Sudré Dartiguenave
(1863–1926)
12 August 1915 15 May 1922 6 years, 276 days Independent President[lower-alpha 7]
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |26 Louis Borno.jpg Louis Borno
(1865–1942)
15 May 1922 15 May 1930 Àdàkọ:Age in years years Independent President[lower-alpha 7]
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |27 Louis Eugene Roy portrait.jpg Louis Eugène Roy
(1861–1939)
15 May 1930 18 November 1930 187 days Independent President[lower-alpha 7]
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |28 Stenio Vincent portrait.jpg Sténio Vincent
(1874–1959)
18 November 1930 15 May 1941 10 years, 178 days Independent President[lower-alpha 8]
29 Elie Lescot portrait.jpg Élie Lescot
(1883–1974)
15 May 1941 11 January 1946 4 years, 241 days Liberal Party President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Military rule/meta/color; color:black" |— Franck Lavaud portrait.jpg Franck Lavaud
(1903–1986)
11 January 1946 16 August 1946 217 days Military Chairman of the Military Executive Committee
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |30 Dumarsais estime portrait.jpg Dumarsais Estimé
(1900–1953)
16 August 1946 10 May 1950 3 years, 267 days Independent President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Military rule/meta/color; color:black" |— Franck Lavaud portrait.jpg Franck Lavaud
(1903–1986)
10 May 1950 6 December 1950 210 days Military Chairman of the Government Junta
31 Paul Magloire portrait.jpg Paul Magloire
(1907–2001)
1950 6 December 1950 12 December 1956 6 years, 6 days Peasant Worker Movement President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |— Joseph Nemours Pierre-Louis portrait.jpg Joseph Nemours Pierre-Louis
(1900–1966)
12 December 1956 3 February 1957 53 days Independent Provisional President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |— Franck Sylvain portrait.jpg Franck Sylvain
(1909–1987)
7 February 1957 2 April 1957 54 days Independent Provisional President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |— Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Executive Government Council 2 April 1957 25 May 1957 53 days Independent Executive Government Council
Daniel fignole portrait.jpg Daniel Fignolé
(1913–1986)
25 May 1957 14 June 1957 20 days Peasant Worker Movement Provisional President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Military rule/meta/color; color:black" |— Antonio Thrasybule Kebreau portrait.jpg Antonio Thrasybule Kébreau
(1909–1963)
14 June 1957 22 October 1957 130 days Military Chairman of the Military Council

Republic of Haiti during the Duvalier dynasty (1957–1986)[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

Symbols
  • P Presidential referendum
  • C Constitutional referendum
  • Died in office
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Party Title(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
style="background:Àdàkọ:National Unity Party (Haiti)/meta/color; color:white" |32 Duvalier (cropped).jpg François Duvalier
(1907–1971)
1957
1961[P]
1964[C]
22 October 1957 21 April 1971[†] 13 years, 181 days National Unity Party President (22 October 1957 – 22 June 1964)
President for Life (22 June 1964 – 21 April 1971)
style="background:Àdàkọ:National Unity Party (Haiti)/meta/color; color:white" |33 Baby Doc (centrée).jpg Jean-Claude Duvalier
(1951–2014)
1971[C]
1985[C]
21 April 1971 7 February 1986[lower-alpha 9] 14 years, 292 days National Unity Party President for Life

Republic of Haiti (1986–present)[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

Symbols
  • I Indirect election
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Party Title(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
style="background:Àdàkọ:Military rule/meta/color; color:black" |— Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Henri Namphy
(1932–2018)
7 February 1986 7 February 1988 Àdàkọ:Age in years years Military President of the National Council of Government
34 Leslie Manigat, 16 juin 1988.png Leslie Manigat
(1930–2014)
1988 7 February 1988 20 June 1988[lower-alpha 10] 134 days Rally of Progressive National Democrats President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Military rule/meta/color; color:black" |35 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Henri Namphy
(1932–2018)
20 June 1988 17 September 1988[lower-alpha 11] 89 days Military President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Military rule/meta/color; color:black" |36 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Prosper Avril
(born 1937)
17 September 1988 10 March 1990 1 year, 236 days Military President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Military rule/meta/color; color:black" |— Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Hérard Abraham
(born 1940)
10 March 1990 13 March 1990 3 days Military Acting President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |— Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Ertha Pascal-Trouillot
(born 1943)
13 March 1990 7 February 1991 331 days Independent Provisional President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Struggling People's Organization/meta/color; color:white" |37 Clinton&Aristide-2.jpg Jean-Bertrand Aristide
(born 1953)
1990–91 7 February 1991 29 September 1991[lower-alpha 12] 234 days Lavalas Political Organization President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Military rule/meta/color; color:black" |N/A Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Raoul Cédras
(born 1949)
29 September 1991 8 October 1991 9 days Military Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces[lower-alpha 13]
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |— Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Joseph Nérette
(1924–2007)
8 October 1991 19 June 1992 255 days Independent Provisional President
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Marc Bazin
(1932–2010)
19 June 1992 15 June 1993 361 days Movement for the Instauration of Democracy in Haiti Acting President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Struggling People's Organization/meta/color; color:white" |37 Clinton&Aristide-2.jpg Jean-Bertrand Aristide
(born 1953)
15 June 1993 12 May 1994 331 days Lavalas Political Organization President[lower-alpha 14]
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |— Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Émile Jonassaint
(1913–1995)
12 May 1994 12 October 1994 153 days Independent Provisional President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Struggling People's Organization/meta/color; color:white" |37 Clinton&Aristide-2.jpg Jean-Bertrand Aristide
(born 1953)
12 October 1994 7 February 1996 1 year, 118 days Lavalas Political Organization President[lower-alpha 15]
style="background:Àdàkọ:Fanmi Lavalas/meta/color; color:white" |38 Rene Preval.jpg René Préval
(1943–2017)
1995 7 February 1996 7 February 2001 Àdàkọ:Age in years years Fanmi Lavalas President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Fanmi Lavalas/meta/color; color:white" |39 Clinton&Aristide-2.jpg Jean-Bertrand Aristide
(born 1953)
2000 7 February 2001 29 February 2004[lower-alpha 16] 3 years, 22 days Fanmi Lavalas President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |— Boniface Alexandre.jpg Boniface Alexandre
(born 1936)
29 February 2004 14 May 2006 2 years, 75 days Independent Provisional President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Lespwa/meta/color; color:white" |40 Rene Preval.jpg René Préval
(1943–2017)
2006 14 May 2006 14 May 2011 Àdàkọ:Age in years years Lespwa[lower-alpha 17] President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Patriotic Unity/meta/color; color:white" |(40) Inite
style="background:Àdàkọ:Repons Peyizan/meta/color; color:black" |41 Michel Martelly on April 20, 2011.jpg Michel Martelly
(born 1961)
2010–11 14 May 2011 7 February 2016 4 years, 269 days Repons Peyizan President
style="background:Àdàkọ:Independent politician/meta/color; color:black" |— Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Council of Ministers 7 February 2016 14 February 2016 7 days Independent Council of Ministers
style="background:Àdàkọ:Patriotic Unity/meta/color; color:white" |— Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Jocelerme Privert
(born 1953)
2016 (Feb)[I] 14 February 2016 7 February 2017 359 days Inite Provisional President[lower-alpha 18]
style="background:Àdàkọ:Haitian Tèt Kale Party/meta/color; color:white"|42 Jovenel Moise.jpg Jovenel Moïse
(born 1968)
2016 (Nov) 7 February 2017 Incumbent 3 years, 255 days Haitian Tèt Kale Party President

Notes[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

  1. Rule limited to the northern State of Haiti
  2. Rule limited to the northern Kingdom of Haiti
  3. Rule limited to the southern Republic of Haiti
  4. United the northern Kingdom and the southern Republic in 1820
  5. Great-Grandson of Jean-Jacques Dessalines (Emperor of Haiti 1804–1806)
  6. Son of Tirésias Simon Sam (President of Haiti 1896–1902). Also the inspiration for Eugene O'Neill's The Emperor Jones
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Served under the United States occupation
  8. Served under the United States occupation until 1934
  9. Deposed in the Anti-Duvalier protest movement
  10. Deposed in the June 1988 coup d'état
  11. Deposed in the September 1988 coup d'état
  12. Deposed in the 1991 coup d'état
  13. De facto leader of Haiti (29 September 1991 – 12 October 1994)
  14. In exile, but recognized in Haiti
  15. Served under the United States occupation until 1995
  16. Deposed in the 2004 coup d'état
  17. Until November 2009
  18. Presidential term expired on 14 June 2016

See also[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

Àdàkọ:Heads of state of Haiti