Official presidential portrait, 1995
|President of Argentina|
8 July 1989 – 10 December 1999
|Arọ́pò||Fernando de la Rúa|
10 December 2005 – 14 February 2021
|President of the Justicialist Party|
28 November 2001 – 11 June 2003
10 August 1990 – 13 June 2001
|Governor of La Rioja|
10 December 1983 – 8 July 1989
|Vice Governor||Alberto Gregorio Cavero|
|Asíwájú||Guillermo Jorge Piastrellini (de facto)|
|Arọ́pò||Alberto Gregorio Cavero|
25 May 1973 – 24 March 1976
|Vice Governor||Libardo Sánchez|
|Asíwájú||Julio Raúl Luchesi (de facto)|
|Arọ́pò||Osvaldo Héctor Pérez Battaglia (de facto)|
|Àwọn àlàyé onítòhún|
Carlos Saúl Menem
2 Oṣù Keje 1930
Anillaco, La Rioja, Argentina
|Aláìsí||14 February 2021 (ọmọ ọdún 90)|
Buenos Aires, Argentina
|Resting place||San Justo Islamic Cemetery|
|Ẹgbẹ́ olóṣèlú||Justicialist Party|
|Àwọn ọmọ||4, including Zulemita|
|Relatives||Eduardo Menem (brother)|
Carlos Saúl Menem tí wọ́n bí ní ọjọ́ kejì oṣù keje ọdún 1930, tí ó ṣaláìsí ní ọjọ́ kẹrìnlá oṣù kejì ọdún 2021, jẹ́ agbẹjọ́rò àti olóṣèlú tí ó jẹ́ Ààrẹ orílẹ̀-èdè Argentina láàrín ọdún 1989 sí ọdún1999. Òun ni wọ́n gbà wípé ó jẹ́ bàbá ìsàlẹ̀ fún Peronist ní orílẹ̀-èdè Agentina àti alátìlẹyìn economically liberal. Ó dari orílẹ̀-èdè Argentina gẹ́gẹ́ bí Ààrẹ ní àárín ọdún 1990, ó sì ṣe agbékalẹ̀ free market liberalization lásìkò tirẹ̀. Ó ṣe Ààrẹ fún ọdún mẹ́tàlá gbáko lábẹ́ abùradà ẹgbẹ́ ìṣèlú Justicialist Party láti ọdún 1990 sí 2001 àti 2001 sí 2003, ìlànà ìṣèlú ni wọ́n pè ní Federal Peronism.
Wọ́n bi ní ìlú Anillaco sínú ẹbí ọmọ orílẹ̀-èdè Syrian. Wọ́n tó Me be ní ìlànà ẹ̀sìn Mùsùlùmí , àmó ó padà gba ẹ̀sìn kìrìstẹ́nì lábẹ́ ìjọ Aguda ti Roman Catholicism látàrí kí ó lè kópa nínú ìṣèlú.[lower-alpha 1] Menem became a Peronist during a visit to Buenos Aires. He led the party in his home province of La Rioja and was elected governor in 1973. He was deposed and detained during the 1976 Argentine coup d'état and was elected governor again in 1983. He defeated the Buenos Aires governor Antonio Cafiero in the primary elections for the 1989 presidential elections. Hyperinflation and riots forced outgoing president Raúl Alfonsín to resign early, shortening the presidential transition.
Menem supported the Washington Consensus and tackled inflation with the Convertibility plan in 1991. The plan was complemented by a series of privatizations and was initially a success. Argentina re-established diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom, suspended since the 1982 Falklands War, and developed special relations with the United States. The country suffered two terrorist attacks. The Peronist victory in the 1993 midterm elections allowed him to persuade Alfonsín (by then leader of the opposition party UCR) to sign the Pact of Olivos for the 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution. This amendment allowed Menem to run for re-election in 1995, which he won. A new economic crisis began, and the opposing parties formed a political coalition winning the 1997 midterm elections and the 1999 presidential election.
He was investigated on various criminal and corruption charges, including illegal arms trafficking (he was sentenced to seven years in prison), embezzlement of public funds (he was sentenced four and half years to prison), extortion and bribery (in both of which he was declared innocent). His position as senator earned him immunity from incarceration.
Menem ran for the presidency again in 2003, but faced with a likely defeat in a ballotage against Néstor Kirchner, he chose to pull out, effectively handing the presidency to Kirchner. He was elected senator for La Rioja in 2005. By the time of his death in 2021 at age 90, he was the oldest living former Argentine president.[lower-alpha 2] He is regarded as a polarizing figure in Argentina, mostly due to corruption and economic mismanagement throughout his Presidency
|Àyọkà yìí tàbí apá rẹ̀ únfẹ́ àtúnṣe sí.|
Itokasi[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]
- "Carlos Menem, Argentine President Who Ushered in 'Pizza and Champagne' Era, Dies at 90". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
- "Carlos Menem" Encyclopædia Britannica
- "Argentina: Ex-president gets 7 years in prison for arms smuggling". CNN. 13 June 2013.
- "Americas | Menem probed over 1995 explosion". BBC News. 16 August 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7564660.stm.
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