Thomas Sankara

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Thomas Isidore Noël Sankara
Thomas Sankara.jpg
5th President of Upper Volta
Lórí àga
August 4, 1983 – August 4, 1984
Asíwájú Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo
Arọ́pò None (country renamed to Burkina Faso)
1st President of Burkina Faso
Lórí àga
August 4, 1984 – October 15, 1987
Asíwájú None (country renamed from Upper Volta)
Arọ́pò Blaise Compaoré
Ẹ̀kúnrẹ́rẹ́
Ìbí Oṣù Kejìlá 21, 1949(1949-12-21)
Yako, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), French West Africa
Aláìsí Oṣù Kẹ̀wá 15, 1987 (ọmọ ọdún 37)
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Ọmọorílẹ̀-èdè Burkinabé
Ẹgbẹ́ olóṣèlú none (military)
Tọkọtaya pẹ̀lú Mariam Sankara[1]
Ẹ̀sìn Roman Catholic

Thomas Isidore Noël Sankara (December 21, 1949 – October 15, 1987) jẹ́ Ààrẹ àti olórí orílẹ̀-èdè Burkina Faso (tí a mọ̀ tẹ́lẹ̀ bi Upper Volta) láti 1983 dé 1987. Bákanná bó ṣe jẹ́ oníwà tófanimọ́ra, tí wọ́n gbógo fún nítorípé ó polongo ìlera àti ẹ̀tọ́ àwọn obìnrin, ó tún kọjú ìjà bo ọ̀pọ̀ àwọn ìwà ìmọtaraẹninìkan ní Burkina Faso.[2] Ó jẹ́ lílé kúrò lórí ìtẹ́ ó sì jẹ́ fífikúpa nínú coup d'étatBlaise Compaoré ṣe ní October 15, 1987, èyí tí wọ́n gbàgbọ́ pé ó wá látọwọ́ ìlẹ̀ Fransi.

Igba ewe[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

Thomas Sankara jẹ́ ọmọkùnrin Marguerite Sankara (aláìsí ní March 6, 2000) àti Sambo Joseph Sankara (1919 – August 4, 2006), tó jẹ́ gendarme.[3] Ó jẹ́ Katoliki, "Thom'Sank" jẹ́ Silmi-Mossi, ẹ̀yà ènìyàn tó bẹ̀rẹ̀ pẹ̀lú ìgbéyàwó láàrin àwọn okùnrin Mossi àti àwọn obìnrin Fulani afokojẹ̀. Àwọn Silmi-Mossi wà lára àwn tí kò ní ànfàníjùlọ nínú ẹ̀yà àwọn Mossi. Ó lọ sí ilé-ẹ̀kọ́ alákọ́bẹ̀rẹ̀ ní Gaoua àtí ilé-ẹ̀kọ alákọ́dàgbà ní Bobo-Dioulasso, ìlú tó jẹ́ ìkẹjì ní Burkina Faso.

Baba re jagun pelu ile-ise adigun ile Fransi nigba Ogun Agbaye Keji, awon Nazi si timole. Ebi Sankara fe ko di alufa ijo Katoliki. Gege bi isun kan se so,[4] Sankara ko so igbagbo re nu ninu esin Katholiki botiwu ki ife re o je ninu isemarx. Bakanna o tun ni imo ninu Kurani.

Igba ise ologun[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

Leyin ikeko ologun ni ile-eko alakodagba ni 1966, Sankara bere ise ologun re nigbato je omo odun 19, be sini leyin odun kan pere won ran lo si Madagascar lati lo fun ikeko oga ologun ni Antsirabe nibi to ti ri ijidide awon eniyan ni 1971 ati 1972. Nigba to pada si Upper Volta ni 1972, ni 1974 o ja ninu ogun bode to sele larin Upper Volta ati Mali.

O je eni to gbajumo larin awon eniyan ni Ouagadougou to je oluilu. O se e se ko je bayi nitoripe o ta gita (o wa ninu egbe olorin to n je "Tout-à-Coup Jazz") ati pe o feran awon kekeoloko.

Ni odun 1976 o di apase Commando Training Centre ni . Ni odun yi kanna lo pade Blaise Compaoré ni Morocco. Nigba asiko Aare Colonel Saye Zerbo awon adipo odo oga ologun sedasile agbajo asiri to n je "Communist Officers' Group" (Regroupement des officiers communistes, or ROC) ti o ni ninu omo egbe re Henri Zongo, Jean-Baptiste Boukary Lingani, Compaoré ati Sankara.

Awon ipo ijoba[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

Sankara je yiyan si ipo Akowe Abele fun Ifitonileti ninu ijoba ologun ni September 1981, nibi to ti n wa keke lo si awon ipade kabinet, sugbon o kosesile ni April 21, 1982 lati lodi si eyi to gba pe ijoba n wuwa lona to lodi si awon osise, nibi to ti wipe "Ki ijamba o ba awon ton fokun di awon eniyan mole!" ("Malheur à ceux qui baillonnent le peuple!")

Nigba ti ifipagbajoba to sele ni November 7, 1982 mu Major-Doctor Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo sori aga, Sankara di alakoso agba ni January 1983, sugbon won le kuro ni May 17 won si ti mole leyin ibewo omo Aare Fransi to tun je agbamora oro Afrika Jean-Christophe Mitterrand. Bakanna won tun ti Henri Zongo ati Jean-Baptiste Boukary Lingani na mole, eyi fa ijidide awon araalu.

Aare[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

Ifipagbajoba ti Blaise Compaoré gbajo so Sankara di Aare ni August 4, 1983,[5] nigba to je omo odun 33. Itileyin fun coup d'état wa latowo Libya ti o ku die nigbana ki o gbogun ti France ni Chad[6]

Sankara ri ara re bi olujidide, o si mu apere re wa lati Cuba ati olori ologun ile Ghana, Flight Lt. Jerry Rawlings. Gege bi Aare, o polongo "Ijidide Toseluaraalu ati awon Eniyan" (Révolution démocratique et populaire, or RDP).

Ero nipa Ijidide je sisetumo latowo Sankara gege bi olodi-imperialisti ninu oro kan to so ni October 2, 1983, Discours d'orientation politique (DOP), ti olujose tosunmo Valère Somé ko fun. Awon etoilu re koju ija bo iwa ibaje, iranlowo itungigbin, idina iyan, ati lati ko ibi ara to ye si eko ati ilera.

Ikosenile ajemanu awon oloye[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

Ijoba fagile opo agbara ti awon ijoye ni, agbara bi eto won lati owo ajemonu ati ise ofe. Awon CDR (Comités de Défense de la Révolution) je didasile bi awon agbajo opo awon eniyan, won si fun won ni awon ohun ija. Ni awon adugbo miran won di buburu won si di awon omoita adaluru. Ijoba Sankara tun gbedide ipe lati sise nise ologun to n je SERNAPO (Service National et Populaire). O se awon wonyi lati sebamu si agbara awon ologun.

Ni odun 1984, nigba ajodun odun kan ijoba re, o yi oruko Upper Volta si Burkina Faso, to tumosi "ile awon eniyan rere" lede Mossi ati Djula, ti won je awon ede meji gbangba julo nibe. Bakanna o tun fun ni asia tuntun ati orin oriki orile-ede tuntun (Une Seule Nuit).

Eto awo obinrin[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

Sankara tun ni opo awon obinrin ninu ijoba re. Imudara ipo awon obinrin ni ikan ninu awon ise Sankara, eyi to je akoko iru re ni Iwoorun Afrika. Ijoba re fofinde ikomolabe obinrin, o taka si igbeyawopupo, o si sepolongo contraception. The Ijoba re ni o je akoko ni Afrika ti o ri ewu ti AIDS je fun awon eniyan Afrika.

Sankara se awon ohun tuntun to mu igbajumo ba ijoba re to si fa awon oniroyin agbaye lati kobi ara si ijoba re:

  • O ta opo awon oko ijoba ti won je Mercedes o si so Renault 5 ( oko to dinwojulo ni Burkina Faso nigbana) di oko ibise ijoba fun awon alakoso;
  • O sedasile awon eso obinrin awa kekeoloko ti won n so.
  • Ni Ouagadougou, Sankara yi ile ipese awon ologun si supermarket ijoba ti gbogbo eniyan le lo raja nibe (supermarket akoko ni Burkina Faso).

Second Agacher strip war[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

In 1985 Burkina Faso organised a general population census. During the census some Fula camps in Mali were visited by mistake by Burkinabé census agents.[7] The Malian government claimed that the act was a violation of its sovereignty on the Agacher strip. Following efforts by Mali asking African leaders to pressure Sankara,[7] tensions erupted on Christmas Day 1985 in a war that lasted five days and killed about 100 people (most victims were civilians killed by a bomb dropped on the marketplace in Ouahigouya by a Malian MiG plane). The conflict is known as the "Christmas war" in Burkina Faso.

Ifikupa[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

On October 15, 1987 Sankara was killed with twelve other officials in a coup d'état organised by his former colleague, Compaoré. Deterioration in relations with neighbouring countries was one of the reasons given by Compaoré for his action. Prince Johnson, a former Liberian warlord allied to Charles Taylor, told Liberia's Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) that it was engineered by Charles Taylor.[8] After the coup and although Sankara was known to be dead, some CDRs mounted an armed resistance to the army for several days.

Sankara was quickly buried in an unmarked grave. A week prior to his death Sankara addressed people and said that "while revolutionaries as individuals can be murdered, you cannot kill ideas."

Akiyesi ati itokasi[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

  1. Defining the scope of "adequate and effective remedies" under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: Sankara v. Burkina Faso 1159/2003
  2. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/7045029.stm BBC NEWS | Africa | Burkina commemorates slain leader
  3. [1] [2]
  4. Bruno Jaffré
  5. The date may have been chosen for a symbolic purpose as the 194th anniversary of the Abolition of Feudal Privileges in France, but there is no evidence.
  6. Chad was at war with Libya. France was providing air support to Chad. According to some witnesses some French troops were involved in ground operations.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Bryant, Terry (2007). History's Greatest War. Global Media.
  8. US freed Taylor to overthrow Doe, Liberia's TRC hears

Iwe fun ekunrere[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

  • Thomas Sankara Speaks: The Burkina Faso Revolution, 1983-87, by Thomas Sankara, Pathfinder Press, 1988, ISBN 0-87348-527-0
  • We Are the Heirs of the World's Revolutions: Speeches from the Burkina Faso Revolution 1983-87, by Thomas Sankara, Pathfinder Press, 2007, ISBN 0-87348-989-6
  • Women's Liberation and the African Freedom Struggle (L'émancipation des femmes et la lutte de libération de l'Afrique), by Thomas Sankara, Pathfinder Press, 1990, ISBN 0-87348-585-8
  • Vittorio Martinelli con Sofia Massai, La voce nel deserto, Zona Editrice, 2009

Awon ijapo Internet[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

Preceded by
Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo
President of Upper Volta
1983–1984
Succeeded by
none (Upper Volta renamed Burkina Faso)
Preceded by
none (Upper Volta renamed Burkina Faso)
President of Burkina Faso
1984–1987
Succeeded by
Blaise Compaoré