Fluorínì

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Fluorínì, 9F
Àdàkọ:Infobox element/symbol-to-top-image/alt
Fluorínì
Pípè
Ìhànsójúgas: very pale yellow
liquid: bright yellow
solid: transparent (beta), opaque (alpha)
Ìwúwo átọ̀mù Ar, std(F)18.998403163(6)Àdàkọ:CIAAW2013
nọ́mbà ìsújọF:
Fluorínì ní orí tábìlì àyè
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson
-

F

Cl
ọ́ksíjìnfluorínìnẹ́ọ̀nù
Nọ́mbà átọ̀mù (Z)9
Ẹgbẹ́group 17 (halogens)
Àyèàyè 2
Àdìpọ̀Àdìpọ̀-p
Ẹ̀ka ẹ́límẹ́ntìÀdàkọ:Infobox element/category format
Ìtò ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nùÀdàkọ:Infobox element/symbol-to-electron-configuration
Iye ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nù lórí ìpele kọ̀ọ̀kan2, 7
Àwọn ohun ìní ara
Ìfarahàn at STPgas
Ìgbà ìyọ́53.53 K ​(−219.62 °C, ​−363.32[1] °F)
Ígbà ìhó85.03 K ​(−188.12 °C, ​−306.62[1] °F)
Kíki (at STP)1.696[2] g/L
when liquid (at b.p.)1.505[3] g/cm3
Critical point144.4 K, 5.215[3] MPa
Heat of 6.51[2] kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity(Cp) (21.1 °C) 825[3] J·mol−1·K−1
(Cv) (21.1 °C) 610[3] J/(mol·K)
 pressure
Atomic properties
Oxidation statesÀdàkọ:Infobox element/symbol-to-oxidation-state
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 3.98[4]
energies
Covalent radius64[5] pm
Van der Waals radius135[6] pm
Àdàkọ:Infobox element/spectral lines
Other properties
Natural occurrenceÀdàkọ:Infobox element/symbol-to-occurrence
Crystal structureÀdàkọ:Infobox element/crystal structure
the structure refers to solid fluorine, just below the melting point, 1 atm[7]
Thermal conductivity0.02591[8] W/(m·K)
Magnetic orderingdiamagnetic[9]
CAS Number7782-41-4[4]
History
DiscoveryAndré-Marie Ampère (1810)
First isolationHenri Moissan[4] (June 26, 1886)
Named byHumphry Davy
Main isotopes of fluorínì
Àdàkọ:Infobox element/isotopes table
reference[10]
Àdàkọ:Category-inline
| references

Fluorínì (play /ˈflʊərn/, /ˈflʊərɪn/, tabi /ˈflɔrʔ/) je apilese kemika pelu nomba atomu 9, to je sisoju pelu ami-idamo F. Fluorin da ide eyokan po mo ara re to ba wa bi apilese, eyi unfa owon F2 alatomumeji. F2 (fluorin) je efuufu pipon brown rodonrondon to undarapomora kiakia, onimojele. Fluorin alapilese ni o je eyi toun darapomora bi kemika ati alodiafinagbe julo larin gbogbo awon apilese. Fun apere, yio tete "jo" awon haidrokarbon nina ni igbonasi inuyara, ni iyato si bi awon haidrokarbon se un gbanaje pelu oksijin, to gbodo ni afikun okun pelu isana. Nitorie, fluorin owon lewu gidi, be ju awon halojin yiowu bi efuufu klorin onimajele lo.


Itokasi[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Dean 1999, p. 3.29.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Aigueperse et al. 2005, "Fluorine", p. 2.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Compressed Gas Association (1999). Handbook of compressed gases. Springer. p. 365. ISBN 9780412782305. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Aigueperse et al. 2005, "Fluorine", p. 1.
  5. Dean 1999, p. 4.35.
  6. Kim, Sung-Hoon (2006), Functional dyes, Elsevier, p. 257, ISBN 9780444521763 Check |isbn= value: checksum (help) 
  7. Young, David A. (2011-06-10). Phase Diagrams of the Elements. Springer. p. 10. http://www.osti.gov/bridge/servlets/purl/4010212-0BbwUC/4010212.pdfaccess. 
  8. Yaws & Braker 2001, p. 385.
  9. Mackay, Mackay & Henderson 2002, p. 72.
  10. Chiste, V. (2006). "F-18" (PDF). Table de radionucleides. Laboratoire National Henri Becquerel. Retrieved 15 June 2011.  Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  11. Wieser, Michael E.; Coplen, Tyler B. (2010). "Atomic weights of the elements 2009 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry 83: 359–396. doi:10.1351/PAC-REP-10-09-14. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Dean 1999, p. 4.6.