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Tin, 50Sn
Zinn 9eng.jpg
Tin
Ìhànsójúsilvery lustrous gray
Ìwúwo átọ̀mù Ar, std(Sn)118.710(7)[1]
Tin ní orí tábìlì àyè
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson
Ge

Sn

Pb
indiumtinantimony
Nọ́mbà átọ̀mù (Z)50
Ẹgbẹ́group 14 (carbon group)
Àyèàyè 5
Àdìpọ̀Àdìpọ̀-p
Ẹ̀ka ẹ́límẹ́ntì  Post-transition metal
Ìtò ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nù[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
Iye ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nù lórí ìpele kọ̀ọ̀kan2, 8, 18, 18, 4
Àwọn ohun ìní ara
Ìfarahàn at STPsolid
Ìgbà ìyọ́505.08 K ​(231.93 °C, ​449.47 °F)
Ígbà ìhó2875 K ​(2602 °C, ​4716 °F)
Kíki (near r.t.)(white) 7.365 g/cm3
(gray) 5.769 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p.)6.99 g/cm3
Heat of fusion(white) 7.03 kJ/mol
Heat of (white) 296.1 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity(white) 27.112 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1497 1657 1855 2107 2438 2893
Atomic properties
Oxidation states−4, −3, −2, −1, 0,[2] +1,[3] +2, +3,[4] +4 Àdàkọ:Infobox element/symbol-to-oxidation-state/comment
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 1.96
Atomic radiusempirical: 140 pm
Covalent radius139±4 pm
Van der Waals radius217 pm
Color lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines of tin
Other properties
Natural occurrenceprimordial
Crystal structureTetragonal (white), diamond cubic (gray)
Thermal expansion22.0 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity66.8 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity115 n Ω·m (at 0 °C)
Magnetic ordering(gray)diamagnetic[5], (white) paramagnetic
Young's modulus50 GPa
Shear modulus18 GPa
Bulk modulus58 GPa
Poisson ratio0.36
Mohs hardness1.5
Brinell hardness51 MPa
CAS Number7440-31-5
Main isotopes of tin
Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
112Sn 0.97% 112Sn is stable with 62 neutrons
114Sn 0.66% 114Sn is stable with 64 neutrons
115Sn 0.34% 115Sn is stable with 65 neutrons
116Sn 14.54% 116Sn is stable with 66 neutrons
117Sn 7.68% 117Sn is stable with 67 neutrons
118Sn 24.22% 118Sn is stable with 68 neutrons
119Sn 8.59% 119Sn is stable with 69 neutrons
120Sn 32.58% 120Sn is stable with 70 neutrons
122Sn 4.63% 122Sn is stable with 72 neutrons
124Sn 5.79% 124Sn is stable with 74 neutrons
126Sn trace 2.3×105 y β 0.380 126Sb
Àdàkọ:Category-inline
| references

Tin je Ipilese elegbogi pelu ami-idamo Sn (Látìnì: Stannum) ati nomba atomu 50.

Itokasi[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

  1. Meija, Juris; Coplen, Tyler B.; Berglund, Michael; Brand, Willi A.; De Bièvre, Paul; Gröning, Manfred; Holden, Norman E.; Irrgeher, Johanna et al. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry 88 (3): 265–91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. 
  2. "New Type of Zero-Valent Tin Compound". Chemistry Europe. 27 August 2016. 
  3. "HSn". NIST Chemistry WebBook. National Institute of Standards and Technology. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  4. "SnH3". NIST Chemistry WebBook. National Institure of Standards and Technology. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  5. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.