Osmium

Lát'ọwọ́ Wikipedia, ìwé ìmọ̀ ọ̀fẹ́
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Osmium, 76Os
Osmium cluster.jpg
Osmium
Pípè /ˈɒzmiəm/ (OZ-mee-əm)
Ìhànsójúsilvery, blue cast
Ìwúwo átọ̀mù Ar, std(Os)190.23(3)[1]
Osmium ní orí tábìlì àyè
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson
Ru

Os

Hs
rheniumosmiumiridium
Nọ́mbà átọ̀mù (Z)76
Ẹgbẹ́group 8
Àyèàyè 6
Àdìpọ̀Àdìpọ̀-d
Ẹ̀ka ẹ́límẹ́ntì  Transition metal
Ìtò ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nù[Xe] 4f14 5d6 6s2
Iye ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nù lórí ìpele kọ̀ọ̀kan2, 8, 18, 32, 14, 2
Àwọn ohun ìní ara
Ìfarahàn at STPsolid
Ìgbà ìyọ́3306 K ​(3033 °C, ​5491 °F)
Ígbà ìhó5285 K ​(5012 °C, ​9054 °F)
Kíki (near r.t.)22.59 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p.)20 g/cm3
Heat of fusion57.85 kJ/mol
Heat of 738 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity24.7 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 3160 3423 3751 4148 4638 5256
Atomic properties
Oxidation states−4, −2, −1, 0, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5, +6, +7, +8 Àdàkọ:Infobox element/symbol-to-oxidation-state/comment
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 2.2
Atomic radiusempirical: 135 pm
Covalent radius144±4 pm
Color lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines of osmium
Other properties
Natural occurrenceprimordial
Crystal structurehexagonal
Hexagonal crystal structure for osmium
Speed of sound thin rod4940 m/s (at 20 °C)
Thermal expansion5.1 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity87.6 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity81.2 n Ω·m (at 0 °C)
Magnetic orderingparamagnetic[2]
Shear modulus222 GPa
Bulk modulus462 GPa
Poisson ratio0.25
Mohs hardness7.0
Brinell hardness3920 MPa
CAS Number7440-04-2
Main isotopes of osmium
Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
184Os 0.02% >5.6×1013 y
(not observed)
εε 1.452 184W
185Os syn 93.6 d ε 1.013 185Re
186Os 1.59% 2.0×1015 y α 2.822 182W
187Os 1.96% 187Os is stable with 111 neutrons
188Os 13.24% 188Os is stable with 112 neutrons
189Os 16.15% 189Os is stable with 113 neutrons
190Os 26.26% 190Os is stable with 114 neutrons
191Os syn 15.4 d β 0.314 191Ir
192Os 40.78% >9.8×1012 y
(not observed)
ββ 0.414 192Pt
193Os syn 30.11 d β 1.141 193Ir
194Os syn 6 y β 0.097 194Ir
Àdàkọ:Category-inline
| references


Itokasi[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

  1. Meija, Juris; Coplen, Tyler B.; Berglund, Michael; Brand, Willi A.; De Bièvre, Paul; Gröning, Manfred; Holden, Norman E.; Irrgeher, Johanna et al. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry 88 (3): 265–91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. 
  2. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.