Lutetium

Lát'ọwọ́ Wikipedia, ìwé ìmọ̀ ọ̀fẹ́
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Lutetium, 71Lu
Lutetium amp.jpg
Lutetium
Pípè /ljˈtʃiəm/ (lew-TEE-shee-əm)
Ìhànsójúsilvery white
Ìwúwo átọ̀mù Ar, std(Lu)174.9668(1)[1]
Lutetium ní orí tábìlì àyè
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson
-

Lu

Lr
ytterbiumlutetiumhafnium
Nọ́mbà átọ̀mù (Z)71
Ẹgbẹ́group n/a
Àyèàyè 6
Àdìpọ̀Àdìpọ̀-d
Ẹ̀ka ẹ́límẹ́ntì  Lanthanide
Ìtò ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nù[Xe] 4f14 5d1 6s2
Iye ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nù lórí ìpele kọ̀ọ̀kan2, 8, 18, 32, 9, 2
Àwọn ohun ìní ara
Ìfarahàn at STPsolid
Ìgbà ìyọ́1925 K ​(1652 °C, ​3006 °F)
Ígbà ìhó3675 K ​(3402 °C, ​6156 °F)
Kíki (near r.t.)9.841 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p.)9.3 g/cm3
Heat of fusionca. 22 kJ/mol
Heat of 414 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity26.86 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1906 2103 2346 (2653) (3072) (3663)
Atomic properties
Oxidation states0,[2] +1, +2, +3 Àdàkọ:Infobox element/symbol-to-oxidation-state/comment
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 1.27
Atomic radiusempirical: 174 pm
Covalent radius17±8 pm
Color lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines of lutetium
Other properties
Natural occurrenceprimordial
Crystal structurehexagonal
Hexagonal crystal structure for lutetium
Thermal expansion(r.t.) (poly) 9.9 µm/(m·K)
Thermal conductivity16.4 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity(r.t.) (poly) 582 n Ω·m
Magnetic orderingparamagnetic[3]
Young's modulus68.6 GPa
Shear modulus27.2 GPa
Bulk modulus47.6 GPa
Poisson ratio0.261
Vickers hardness1160 MPa
Brinell hardness893 MPa
CAS Number7439-94-3
Main isotopes of lutetium
Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
173Lu syn 1.37 y ε 0.671 173Yb
174Lu syn 3.31 y ε 1.374 174Yb
175Lu 97.41% 175Lu is stable with 104 neutrons
176Lu 2.59% 3.78×1010y β 1.193 176Hf
Àdàkọ:Category-inline
| references


Itokasi[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

  1. Meija, Juris; Coplen, Tyler B.; Berglund, Michael; Brand, Willi A.; De Bièvre, Paul; Gröning, Manfred; Holden, Norman E.; Irrgeher, Johanna et al. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry 88 (3): 265–91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. 
  2. Yttrium and all lanthanides except Ce, Pm, Eu, Tm, Yb have been observed in the oxidation state 0 in bis(1,3,5-tri-t-butylbenzene) complexes, see Cloke, F. Geoffrey N. (1993). "Zero Oxidation State Compounds of Scandium, Yttrium, and the Lanthanides". Chem. Soc. Rev. 22: 17–24. doi:10.1039/CS9932200017. 
  3. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. CRC press. 2000. ISBN 0849304814. http://www-d0.fnal.gov/hardware/cal/lvps_info/engineering/elementmagn.pdf.