Háídrójìn

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(Àtúnjúwe láti Hydrogen)
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Háídrójìn, 1H
Hydrogen discharge tube.jpg
Purple glow in its plasma state
Háídrójìn
Ìhànsójúcolorless gas
Ìwúwo átọ̀mù Ar, std(H)[1.007841.00811] conventional: 1.008
Háídrójìn ní orí tábìlì àyè
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson
-

H

Li
- ← háídrójìnhílíọ̀mù
Nọ́mbà átọ̀mù (Z)1
Ẹgbẹ́1: H and alkali metals
Àyèàyè 1
Àdìpọ̀Àdìpọ̀-s
Ẹ̀ka ẹ́límẹ́ntì  Reactive nonmetal
Ìtò ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nù1s1
Iye ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nù lórí ìpele kọ̀ọ̀kan1
Àwọn ohun ìní ara
colorless
Ìfarahàn at STPgas
Ìgbà ìyọ́14.01 K ​(-259.14 °C, ​-434.45 °F)
Ígbà ìhó20.28 K ​(-252.87 °C, ​-423.17 °F)
Kíki (at STP)0.08988 g/L
when liquid (at m.p.)0.07 (0.0763 solid)[1] g/cm3
when liquid (at b.p.)0.07099 g/cm3
Triple point13.8033 K, ​7.042 kPa
Critical point32.97 K, 1.293 MPa
Heat of fusion(H2) 0.117 kJ/mol
Heat of (H2) 0.904 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity(H2) 28.836 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 15 20
Atomic properties
Oxidation states−1, +1 Àdàkọ:Infobox element/symbol-to-oxidation-state/comment
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 2.20
Covalent radius31±5 pm
Van der Waals radius120 pm
Color lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines of háídrójìn
Other properties
Natural occurrenceprimordial
Crystal structurehexagonal
Hexagonal crystal structure for háídrójìn
Speed of sound(gas, 27 °C) 1310 m/s
Thermal conductivity0.1805 W/(m·K)
Magnetic orderingdiamagnetic[2]
CAS Number1333-74-0
History
DiscoveryHenry Cavendish[3][4] (1766)
Named byAntoine Lavoisier[5] (1783)
Main isotopes of háídrójìn
Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
1H 99.985% 1H is stable with 0 neutrons
2H 0.015% 2H is stable with 1 neutron
3H trace 12.32 y β 0.01861 3He
Àdàkọ:Category-inline
| references

Háídrójìn tabi Hídrójìn (pípè /ˈhaɪdrɵdʒɨn/,[7] HYE-dro-jin) je elimenti kemika to ni nomba atomu 1. O je sisoju fun latowo ami-idamo H. Pelu iwuwo atomu iye 1.0079u (1.007825 u fun Hydrogen-1), hydrogen ni apilese kemika tofuyejulo ati tolopojulo, o je bi 75 % gbogbo isupo apilese Agbalaaye.[8] Awon irawo ninu telentele olori je ni pataki kiki haidojin ni iwa plasma re. Ki haidrojin o da wa fun ra ara re ni Aye sowon gan.




Itokasi[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]

  1. Wiberg, Egon; Wiberg, Nils; Holleman, Arnold Frederick (2001). Inorganic chemistry. Academic Press. p. 240. ISBN 0123526515. http://books.google.com/books?id=vEwj1WZKThEC&pg=PA240. 
  2. "Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds". CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (81st ed.). CRC Press. http://www-d0.fnal.gov/hardware/cal/lvps_info/engineering/elementmagn.pdf. 
  3. "Hydrogen". Van Nostrand's Encyclopedia of Chemistry. Wylie-Interscience. 2005. pp. 797–799. ISBN 0-471-61525-0. 
  4. Emsley, John (2001). Nature's Building Blocks. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 183–191. ISBN 0-19-850341-5. 
  5. Stwertka, Albert (1996). A Guide to the Elements. Oxford University Press. pp. 16–21. ISBN 0-19-508083-1. 
  6. Simpson, J.A.; Weiner, E.S.C. (1989). "Hydrogen". Oxford English Dictionary. 7 (2nd ed.). Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-861219-2. 
  7. Simpson, J.A.; Weiner, E.S.C. (1989). "Hydrogen". Oxford English Dictionary. 7 (2nd ed.). Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-861219-2. 
  8. Palmer, D. (13 September 1997). "Hydrogen in the Universe". NASA. Retrieved 2008-02-05.