Platinum

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Platinum, 78Pt
Àdàkọ:Infobox element/symbol-to-top-image/alt
Platinum
Pípè /ˈplætnəm/ (PLAT-ə-nəm)
Ìhànsójúgrayish white
Ìwúwo átọ̀mù Ar, std(Pt)195.084(9)Àdàkọ:CIAAW2013
nọ́mbà ìsújọPt:
Platinum ní orí tábìlì àyè
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson
Pd

Pt

Ds
iridiumplatinumgold
Nọ́mbà átọ̀mù (Z)78
Ẹgbẹ́group 10
Àyèàyè 6
Àdìpọ̀Àdìpọ̀-d
Ẹ̀ka ẹ́límẹ́ntìÀdàkọ:Infobox element/category format
Ìtò ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nùÀdàkọ:Infobox element/symbol-to-electron-configuration
Iye ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nù lórí ìpele kọ̀ọ̀kan2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
Àwọn ohun ìní ara
Ìfarahàn at STPsolid
Ìgbà ìyọ́2041.4 K ​(1768.3 °C, ​3214.9 °F)
Ígbà ìhó4098 K ​(3825 °C, ​6917 °F)
Kíki (near r.t.)21.45 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p.)19.77 g/cm3
Heat of fusion22.17 kJ/mol
Heat of 469 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity25.86 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
Atomic properties
Oxidation statesÀdàkọ:Infobox element/symbol-to-oxidation-state
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 2.28
Atomic radiusempirical: 139 pm
Covalent radius136±5 pm
Van der Waals radius175 pm
Àdàkọ:Infobox element/spectral lines
Other properties
Natural occurrenceÀdàkọ:Infobox element/symbol-to-occurrence
Crystal structureÀdàkọ:Infobox element/crystal structure
Thermal expansion8.8 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity71.6 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity105 n Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderingparamagnetic
Young's modulus168 GPa
Shear modulus61 GPa
Bulk modulus230 GPa
Poisson ratio0.38
Mohs hardness4–4.5
Vickers hardness549 MPa
Brinell hardness392 MPa
CAS Number7440-06-4
Main isotopes of platinum
Àdàkọ:Infobox element/isotopes table
Àdàkọ:Category-inline
| references


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