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Àwọn ìtọ́kasí[àtúnṣe | àtúnṣe àmìọ̀rọ̀]
- U.S. Census Bureau; [http: //www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/facts_for_features_special_editions/013007.html]; Data Set: 2007 American Community Survey; Survey: 2007 American Community Survey. Retrieved 2008-01-24 Àṣìṣe Àṣìṣe
- "T4-2007. Hispanic or Latino By Race". 2007 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-ds_name=PEP_2007_EST&-mt_name=PEP_2007_EST_G2007_T004_2007&-CONTEXT=dt&-redoLog=true&-currentselections=PEP_2006_EST_G2006_T004_2006&-geo_id=01000US&-format=&-_lang=en. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
- West, Cornel (1985). "The Paradox of Afro-American Rebellion". In Sayres, Sohnya; Stephanson, Anders; Aronowitz, Stanley et al.. The 60s Without Apology. University of Minnesota Press. pp. 44–58. ISBN 0-8166-1337-0.
- "The Black Population: 2010" (PDF), Census.gov, September 2011. "Black or African Americans" refers to a person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. The Black racial category includes people who marked the "Black, African Am., or Negro" checkbox. It also includes respondents who reported entries such as African American; Sub-Saharan African entries, such as Kenyan and Nigerian; and Afro-Caribbean entries, such as Haitian and Jamaican."
- African Americans Law & Legal Definition: "African Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa. In the United States, the terms are generally used for Americans with at least partial Sub-Saharan African ancestry."
- Carol Lynn Martin, Richard Fabes (2008). Discovering Child Development. Cengage Learning. p. 19. ISBN 1111808112. http://www.google.com/books?id=3V88AAAAQBAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s. Retrieved 25 October 2014. "...most (but not all) Americans of African descent are grouped racially as Black; however, the term African American refers to an ethnic group, most often to people whose ancestors experienced slavery in the United States (Soberon, 1996). Thus, not all Blacks in the United States are African-American (for example, some are from Haiti and others are from the Caribbean)."
- Don C. Locke, Deryl F. Bailey (2013). Increasing Multicultural Understanding. SAGE Publications. p. 106. ISBN 1483314219. http://www.google.com/books?id=7nJFBAAAQBAJ. Retrieved October 23, 2014. "African American refers to descendants of enslaved Black people who are from the United States. The reason we use an entire continent (Africa) instead of a country (e.g., Irish American) is because slave masters purposefully obliterated tribal ancestry, language, and family units in order to destroy the spirit of the people they enslaved, thereby making it impossible for their descendants to trace their history prior to being born into slavery."